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2021, vol. 57, br. 1, str. 33-42
Kisele rudničke vode iz rudnika bakra u jugoistočnoj Srbiji - lokalni problem sa uticajem na međunarodnom nivou
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Tehnički fakultet u Boru
bInstitut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju, Bor

e-adresastankovic.velizar@gmail.com
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Tehnički fakultet u Boru) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200131)
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Institut za rudarstvo i metalurgiju, Bor) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200052)

Ključne reči: joni teških metala; rudarski otpad; rudnička voda; kisele rudničke vode (AMD); zagađenje vode
Sažetak
U ovom radu posebna pažnja je posvećena kiselim rudničkim vodama (AMD) koje potiču iz rudnika bakra, a koje sadrže različite jone teških metala i određenu količinu sumporne kiseline. Istraživanje je sprovedeno na prostoru koji obuhvata rudnike u sklopu RTB Bor (danas Srbija Zijin Bor Copper). Utvrđeno je postojanje kiselih rudničkih voda, njihov sastav, potencijal za ekstrakciju metala i uticaj na lokalne površinske vode. Najveća količina rudničkih voda se uliva u Kriveljsku reku što izuzetno narušava njen kvalitet. Istraživanje je takođe obuhvatilo i praćenje kvaliteta vode reke Timok duž njenog toka od mesta gde se Kriveljska reka uliva u nju do ušća u Dunav. Procenom gubitka metala utvrđeno je da se svake godine izgubi oko 360 tona bakra, više od 500 tona gvožđa i 30 tona cinka u rudničkim vodama koji se preko Kriveljske reke transportuju do Timoka, a zatim do Dunava.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/JMMA2101033S
primljen: 29.01.2021.
prihvaćen: 20.04.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.12.2021.
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