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FME Transactions
2018, vol. 46, br. 2, str. 278-284
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.5937/fmet1802278J


Uticaj protoka saobraćaja na povećanje potrošnje goriva u urbanim sredinama
University of Maribor, Faculty of Logictics, Slovenia

Sažetak

Više od 70% evropske populacije živi u urbanim područjima. Time se vrši pritisak na urbane transportne sisteme, pa se povećava i njihov uticaj na životnu sredinu. Takvi uticaji su posebno veliki u slučajevima ponavljanja ubrzanja i kočenja vozila sa SUS motorima, usled loše isplaniranog protoka saobraćaja. Izvršena je procena povećanja potrošnje goriva u realnim uslovima na deonici druma u Celju, čiji je uzrok razlika u protoku saobraćaja između 'zelenog' i 'crvenog' talasa na semaforu. Korišćenjem dobijenih rezultata može da se izračuna faktor povećanja zagađenja izazvanog ubrzavanjem vozila. Dodavanjem procene povećanja zagađenja izazvanog kočenjem dobija se ukupna slika značaja organizovanja ravnomernog protoka saobraćaja u cilju smanjenja zagađenja u urbanim sredinama.

Ključne reči

traffic flow; air pollution; PMx particles; increased fuelconsumption; green wave

Reference

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