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Racionalna terapija
2018, vol. 10, br. 1, str. 13-26
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/racter10-11529

Creative Commons License 4.0
Razvoj upitnika za merenje znanja pacijenata o šećernoj bolesti
Univerzitet u Kragujevcu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresa: tomic.sanja28@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod: Dijabetes predstavlja veoma ozbiljan zdravstveni problem sa prevalencijom od 9%, kod populacije starije od 18. godina. Mortalitet izazvan dijabetesom u 2012. godini na globalnom nivou je iznosio 2,7%, a u Srbiji 3,4%. Pacijent svojim ponašanjem mnogo utiče na ishod bolesti, pa samim tim adekvatna edukacija i provera znanja dijabetičara igraju veoma bitnu ulogu u prevenciji komplikacija bolesti. Cilj: Ciljevi ovog istraživanja su da se oformi i validira upitnik, koji će moći da se koristi kao instrument za merenje znanja pacijenata o šećernoj bolesti, kao i da se sagledaju i analiziraju znanje pacijenata i faktori koji utiču na znanje pacijenata. Materijal i metod: Studija je dizajnirana kao opservaciona, analitička, studija preseka, u kojoj su prospektivno prikupljani podaci pomoću upitnika. Studijsku populaciju čine pacijenti oboleli od šećerne bolesti tipa jedan i dva, lečeni na odeljenju Endokrinologije u Kliničkom centru Kragujevac. Sprovođenje istraživanja je odobreno od strane Etičkog komiteta Kliničkog centra Kragujevac. Rezultati: U istraživanju je učestvovalo ukupno 302 pacijenta obolelih od šećerne bolesti, oba tipa; pacijenata muškog pola je bilo 146 (48,3%), a ženskog 156 (51,7%). Dobijena vrednost Kronbahove alfe od 0,774 ukazuje da je upitnik pouzdan. Sprovedena je eksplorativna faktorska analiza na osnovu koje su dobijena četiri faktora. Promenljive koje statistički značajno utiču na znanje su: starost pacijenta (β = -0,327; r = 0,000), stečeni stepen obrazovanja (β = 0,110; r = 0,032) i trajanje bolesti (β = 0,395; r = 0,000). Zaključak: Rezultati ovog istraživanja su ukazali na dobre psihometrijske karakteristike upitnika za merenje znanja pacijenata obolelih od šećerne bolesti. Znanje pacijenata o svojoj bolesti je bilo zadovoljavajuće u studijskom uzorku, i na njega su značajno uticali starost, obrazovanje i trajanje bolesti.

Ključne reči

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