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1994, vol. 36, br. 2, str. 181-191
Rad i pol: problem feminizacije radne snage
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
Changes in the character of work during the sixties and the seventies were caused by the capitalist mode of production and by scientific and technical development. The most significant change was the expansion of service work, which resulted in the feminization of the labor force. These changes in the character of work and of the work force were stimulated by the revival of the 'neo-productivist' ideology, but also - in the case of the so-called socialist societies - by Marxist ideology, with its idea of social equality. The feminization of the labor force has taken place in two relatively independent 'economic regimes', or sectors of activity, wherein both production and reproduction are accomplished. One of these domains is the family, or household, or 'housework' sphere, while the other is work outside home (in factories, offices, and so on). Nowadays women work in both domains, but housework is socially 'invisible' and less respected than paid employment. Reasons for that may be found in the patriarchal social and cultural pattern and in the specific social situation prevailing in the civil society due to the sharp distinction between the public and the private spheres. The feminization of the labor force is an important factor for sociological analysis of the modern market-oriented societies, since it shows clearly some of their main contradictions. On one hand, there is the desire for capital reproduction, which requires the development of private initiative and growing inclusion of women into the labor force. On the other hand, the state needs additional financial resources (that is, taxes) in order to 'compensate' for women's absence from 'housework', through increased social policy expenses. This contradiction is the most important one. Unpaid 'housework' is not considered 'work' at all, and a relatively large participation of women In certain sectors of paid work corresponds with their marginalization; these facts indicate that trade unions and political activity in modern societies are mostly adjusted to a 'model of worker', meaning a man with family dependents. For that reason, women have started (self)organizing themselves: at the working place, in trade unions, or in separate women's group.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.06.2007.