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2020, br. 3, str. 7-30
Osnovne karakteristike univerzalne jurisdikcije u savremenom krivičnom pravu
Ključne reči: univerzalna jurisdikcija in absentia; princip supsidijariteta; sham postupak
Sažetak
Za univerzalnom jurisdikcijom se poseže kada teritorijalna država ili država koja ima jurisdikcioni prioritet na osnovu državljanstva učinioca/žrtve neće ili ne može da deluje na sprečavanju međunarodnih krivičnih dela stricto sensu (core crimes), odnosno kada izostaje reakcija međunarodnih sudskih instanci u tom smislu. Sa svojim širokim ovlašćenjima u pogledu tačaka vezivanja, a često i u pogledu prisustva učinioca u državi koja procesuira, univerzalna jurisdikcija uspeva da popuni te praznine i da se uspešno uključi u opšti napor međunarodne zajednice u pogledu sprečavanja nekažnjivosti učinilaca core crimes-a. Služeći se komparativnim metodom (nemačko, špansko i belgijsko zakonodavstvo) nastojali smo da ukažemo na osnovne pravne karakteristike ove oblasti i na taj način pružimo osnov za njeno razmatranje u srpskom krivičnom pravu de lege lata i de lege ferenda. Osnovna pitanja koja se ističu u ovom kontekstu su univerzalna jurisdikcija in absentia, princip supsidijariteta i sham postupak. Iako se univerzalna jurisdikcija u svom izvornom obliku pojavljuje jedino kod core crimes mnoga recentna pitanja iz te oblasti vezana su za ugovorna međunarodna krivična dela kao i za krivična dela iz oblasti opšteg kriminaliteta. U tom smislu u ovom radu je u izvesnoj meri obrađena i TA problematika.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/spz64-28586
primljen: 17.09.2020.
prihvaćen: 23.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 11.12.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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