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2013, vol. 47, br. 2, str. 189-210
Da li dopunska kondicionalnost prevenira pristupanje Evropskoj uniji? Demokratski 'korak unazad' Republike Srbije
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet
bInstitut društvenih nauka, Beograd
Projekat:
Identitetske politike Evropske Unije: Prilagođavanje i primena u Republici Srbiji (MPNTR - 177017)

Ključne reči: Srbija; demokratizacija; dopunska kondicionalnost; evropeizacija; kulturna promena
Sažetak
Integracija Zapadnog Balkana u Evropsku uniju u osnovi je uslovljena ispunjavanjem skupa kriterijuma čiji je cilj sveobuhvatna društvena promena. Ipak, politika proširenja Unije sadrži i izvestan broj dopunskih kriterijuma za zemlje Zapadnog Balkana, a posebno za Srbiju. Taj proces smo ranije označili kao 'kulturalizaciju' pristutih kriterijuma. On obuhvata izmenu inicijalnih, identitetski-neutralnih kriterijuma i tehničkih pitanja uključivanjem suočavanja s nasleđem identitetskih konflikata na Balkanu. Tako izmenjeni kriterijumi predstavljaju značajan izazov za političke institucije u još nekonsolidovanoj demokratiji. U članku se analizira način na koji je pridruživanje Uniji, kao rezultat dopunskog uslovljavanja, umesto da uživa društveni konsenzus ponovo otvorilo identitetske probleme, podelilo društvo i osnažilo diskurs o 'suverenitetu ', 'duplim standardima međunarodne zajednice' i 'nepravde učinjene Srbiji u vreme raspada Jugoslavije'. Srbija se nalazi u paradoksalnoj situaciji 'demokratskog zastoja' - potrebna joj je konsolidacija demokratije kako bi dostigla političku stabilnost vladavine neophodne za sprovođenje evropskih reformi, ali je nestabilnost u kojoj se nalazi rezultat samog pristupanja tj. dopunskih kriterijuma i reakcija na njih. U pitanju je teorijski relevantan slučaj u kojem dopunski kriterijumi preveniraju ispunjavanje osnovnih kriterijuma. Dalje se u članku analizira kako je ovaj trend moguće preokrenuti delimičnom promenom beneficijara evropskih podsticaja namenjenih kulturnoj promeni. Kako bi održivo uneo promene u neku političku zajednicu, proces eksterne podrške treba da bude otvoren u najvećoj mogućoj meri. Zaključuje se da eksterna podrška ne treba da pokriva samo glavne političke, ekonomske i pravne aktere, već treba da uključi i kulturne aktere, a posebno kulturno legitimne elite.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/socpreg1302189M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.02.2014.