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2008, vol. 36, br. 1, str. 17-42
Urbano planiranje, automobilska zavisnost i održivi razvoj evropskih metropola
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Geografski fakultet

e-adresamiomir@rcub.bg.ac.yu
Ključne reči: evropske metropole; urbano i regionalno planiranje; automobilska zavisnost; privatizacija i deregulacija saobraćaja; održivi urbani razvoj
Sažetak
Evropske metropole se odlučno usmeravaju ka smanjivanju "zavisnosti" od automobila, uvodeći (kroz lepezu kreativnih strategija) principe održivog razvoja u sferu urbanog planiranja. Upravo je evropski način regulativnog urbanog planiranja i kontinuiranog subvencionisanja javnog gradskog saobraćaja značajno doprineo da se evropske metropole razvijaju na "održiviji" način od gradova SAD. Tako evropske metropole karakterišu: 6 puta kompaktnija prostorna struktura, 2,5 puta veće prosečne gustine naseljenosti 2 puta niži stepen mobilnosti, za 50% viši indikator stepena pristupnosti, 3 puta niža potrošnja energije i 2,5 puta manja emisija CO2 u gradskom saobraćaju i 50% niže učešće troškova prevoza u GRP-u, nego u gradovima SAD.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 14.04.2008.