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2010, vol. 42, iss. 2, pp. 137-145
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Prevalence of symptoms in lower elementary school children in Serbia
bUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Mental Health + University of Belgrade, Faculty of Medicine
cUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation
Introduction: Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is the most common neurobehavioral disorder in childhood. It is characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity that can vary in intensity and develop a chronic course. The prevalence of ADHD in school children is 1-20%, and male-female ratio is 3:1. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence, age and sex distribution of symptoms of ADHD on a sample of school children from 3 elementary schools in Serbia, and to establish possible differences in these parameters between children in the capital city and in a small town. Method: Our study included 376 respondents from first to fourth grade from two elementary schools in center Belgrade and one school in Arilje. The study was conducted using IOWA Conners rating scale that was filled by teachers for every child in their class. Results: Score equal or above 15 was present in 8.51% of children and male-female ratio was 2.55:1. Score equal or above 20 was present in 3.72% of children, and male-female ratio regarding the greater score, i.e. more expressed symptoms was 13:1. Conclusion: The results of our study suggest that the symptoms of ADHD are significantly present in Serbia, and that it is of great importance to educate teachers and parents to recognize ADHD and to actively participate in the therapeutical process of a child with this disorder.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Research Paper
published in SCIndeks: 02/08/2011