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2015, vol. 47, br. 1, str. 43-59
Obim posla, burnout i mentalno zdravlje partnerskih odnosa među lekarima - depersonalizacija kao coping mehanizam?
aInstitute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
bDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Szeged, Hungary

e-adresagyorffy@chello.hu
Ključne reči: lekar-lekar parovi; obim posla; burnout; uloga konflikta; mentalno zdravlje
Sažetak
Uvod: U skladu sa feminizacijom u medicini, procenat partnerskih odnosa među lekarima je u porastu. Cilj ove studije bio je da se opiše uticaj povišenog stresa povezanog sa medicinskom profesijom među ovim parovima. Metod: Podaci u ovoj epidemiološkoj studiji preseka, dobijeni su preko online upitnika popunjenih od strane 5,607 mađarskih lekara. U kvalitativnoj analizi obrađeni su podaci onih koji žive u partnerskom odnosu: 1,549 parova dvaju lekara, prema 3,095 lekara čiji partner nije lekar. U našoj deskriptivnoj analizi, uporedili smo obim posla (broj radnih sati, radno mesto i noćne smene), slobodno vreme, kao i vreme provedeno u kućnim poslovima u ove dve grupe. Takođe, analizirali smo izvesne indikatore mentalnog zdravlja (poremećaji spavanja, znaci depresije, psihosomatski simptomi i doživljeni stres), prisustvo burnout-a i ulogu konflikta. Rezultati: Nije bilo razlike u vrednostima obima posla između dve ispitivane grupe. Takođe, nisu otkrivene razlike u indikatorima mentalnog zdravlja; međutim, srednji i visok nivo depresonalizacije, kao i visok nivo uloge konflikta, bili su više izraženi među doktorima čiji su partneri takođe lekari. Multivarijantna analiza pokazala je da partnerski odnos među lekarima značajan faktor rizika za depresonalizaciju. Zaključak: Depresonalizacija razvijena u toku burnout- a može biti odgovor na 'dvostruko' emocionalno opterećenje koje utiče na doktore koji žive u dualnim, karijera-partner odnosima. Viša prevalencija burnout-a među parovima dvaju lekara, skreće pažnju na potrebu za prevencijom i intervenisanjem.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: istraživački članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.04.2016.