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2020, vol. 26, br. 1-2, str. 24-30
Veza između kognitivnog oštećenja i funkcionalne nesposobnosti kod lica koja žive u staračkim domovima
aUniverzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za zdravstvenu njegu, Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH
bUniverzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH
cUniverzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet, Odsek Stomatologija, Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresapjelena551@gmail.com
Sažetak
Uvod. Kognitivne sposobnosti se definišu kao svest o neposrednom otkrivanju, ponovnom otkrivanju i prepoznavanju informacija u različitim oblicima, razumevanje i shvatanje. Cilj rada. Ispitati stepen kognitivnog oštećenja i njegove efekte na funkcionalni status starijih osoba koje žive u staračkim domovima. Metod. Istraživanje je dizajnirano kao studija preseka i obuhvatilo je 110 starijih lica. Kao instrumenti istraživanja korišćeni: su opšti upitnik, Katzov indeks nezavisnosti za aktivnosti u svakodnevnom životu, Lawtonova skala aktivnosti u svakodnevnom životu i Mini-mental skala kognitivnih sposobnosti. Od statističkih testova koristili smo ch2 test, a Pearsonova korelacijska analiza korišćena je za analizu korelacije. Rezultati. Od ukupnog broja ispitanika, 60% je imalo oštećen kognitivni status. Što se tiče funkcionalnog statusa, 79.2% ispitanika je zahtevalo pomoć. Statistički značajna, slaba pozitivna korelacija uočena je između ispitanikovog kognitivnog statusa i njegovih funkcionalnih sposobnosti (r = 0.331; p<0.001; r = 0.386; p<0.001). Zaključak. Stopa kognitivnog deficita među licima koja žive u staračkim domovima je bila visoka. Kognitivni deficit dovodi do značajnog pada intelektualnog funkcionisanja i narušava svakodnevne aktivnosti starih osoba.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski, srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.5937/opmed2002024P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.05.2020.
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