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2017, vol. 56, br. 3, str. 62-69
Posttraumatski stresni poremećaj kod dece i adolescenata - klinička prezentacija, dijagnoza i terapija
aKlinički centar Niš, Klinika za zaštitu mentalnog zdravlja + Univerzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet
bClinic 'Panacea', Niš
cKlinički centar Niš, Klinika za zaštitu mentalnog zdravlja
dGeneral Hospital, Leskovac

e-adresaadolescencija@gmail.com
Sažetak
Psihološki fenomeni kod dece i adolescenata nastali traumatizacijom mogu varirati ili biti nepotpuno ispoljeni zbog načina na koji deca ispoljavaju simptome ponovnog proživljavanja ili emocije prema traumatskom događaju. Razlog tome je nerazvijenost apstraktnog mišljenja i relativno mali kapaciteti verbalne ekspresivnosti. Zbog toga, postraumatski stresni poremećaj (PTSD) kod dece može biti nedijagnostikovan ili pogrešno dijagnostikovan kao depresija, generalizovana anksioznost ili mešoviti poremećaj ponašanja i emocija. Istraživanja su pokazala da dijagnostički kriterijumi moraju biti bihejvioralno utemeljeni i razvojno senzitivni, pogotovo kada su u pitanju predškolska deca, zbog čega je u DSM-5 klasifikaciji dat pregled dijagnostičkih kriterijuma za decu mlađu od šest godina, što predstavlja značajnu novost na polju dijagnostike ovog poremećaja. Terapija PTSD podrazumeva paket raznorodnih intervencija usmerenih prema detetu, roditeljima ili starateljima, uz podršku stručnog tima škole. Nedostatak kontrolisanih farmakoloških studija, koje se bave proučavanjem uvođenja lekova na početku tretmana, ali i tokom hroničnog ispoljavanja poremećaja, otvaraju široko istraživačko polje u budućnosti.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5633/amm.2017.0310
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.03.2018.
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