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2010, vol. 34, br. 1, str. 23-31
Upravljanje vremenskim rizicima u biljnoj proizvodnji
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Departman za ekonomiku poljoprivrede
Ključne reči: vremenski rizici; upravljanje rizikom; osiguranje useva i plodova
Sažetak
Vremenski rizici predstavljaju značajnu opasnost u biljnoj proizvodnji. Iz tog razloga jedan integrisani sistem upravljanja rizikom danas predstavlja neminovnost, kako bi se donekle kompenzovale posledice vremenskih neprilika. U prošlosti su se poljoprivrednici kupovinom osiguranja štitili od kolebanja prinosa useva i plodova, dok se u novije vreme koriste vremenski derivati kao instrument za upravljanje rizikom u biljnoj proizvodnji. Oni se primenjuju kao zaštita od nekatastrofalnih vremenskih rizika (nedovoljne ili preobilne padavine, niska ili visoka temperatura), dok se kod katastrofalnih događaja najbolja zaštita postiže primenom osiguranja od većeg broja rizika. U radu se daje pregled različitih sistema osiguranja useva i plodova u svetu i iznose najznačajnije karakteristike osiguranja od većeg broja rizika.
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objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.03.2011.