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2014, vol. 48, iss. 2, pp. 39-56
Dispute between Nicaragua and Columbia concerning delimitation in Caribbean sea
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Law
Projekat Pravnog fakulteta Univerziteta u Novom Sadu: Teorijski i praktični problemi stvaranja i primene prava (EU i Srbija)

It was a dispute over some islands and cays in Caribbean whose importance was that they were determining division of continental shelf. The islands are much closer to the coast of Nicaragua than the cost of Columbia, but this fact did not have decisive importance in attribution of sovereignty over the islands. The border on the sea, inherited from Spanish colonial time, was not easy to be determined. The both sides referred to certain legal acts of colonial authorities which might serve as colonial titles, but these acts were not precise enough. On the other hand, Columbia and Nicaragua settled some territorial issue by the 1928 Treaty and the 1930 Protocol thereto. Nicaragua challenged validity of the Treaty, but without success. The International Court of Justice found that Columbia has performed certain acts of sovereign power over the disputed clays in post-colonial time and resolved the dispute in favor of Columbia applying post-colonial effectivités.
*** (2003) Memorial of the Government of Nicaragua. vol. I, 28 april, para. 6, 7
Etinski, R. (2011) Primena načela uti possidetis juris u sporu između El Salvadora i Hondurasa. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad, 45(3): 85-113
Etinski, R. (2012) Primena načela uti possidetis juris u sporu između Benina i Nigera. Zbornik radova Pravnog fakulteta, Novi Sad, vol. 46, br. 3, str. 69-89
Ratner, S.R. (1996) Drawing a Better Line: UTI Possidetis and the Borders of New States. The American Journal of International Law, 90(4): 590
Shaw, M.N. (1997) The heritage of states: The principle of Uti Possidetis Juris today. British Year Book of International Law, vol. 67, str. 75


article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/zrpfns48-6741
published in SCIndeks: 12/12/2014
peer review method: double-blind