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2014, vol. 30, br. 3, str. 529-538
Genetička varijabilnost klijanaca crvene deteline u odnosu na soni stres
aInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresavioleta_randjelovic@yahoo.com
Projekat:
Primena novih biotehnoloških rešenja gajenja goveda, ovaca i koza u cilju dobijanja biološki vredne i zdravstveno bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31053)

Sažetak
Crvena detelina je vrlo osetljiva biljka na veću koncentarciju soli, posebno tokom klijanja i rane faze porasta klijanaca. Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se proceni uticaj različite zaslanjenosti (0, 50, 100, 150 i 200mM NaCl) na klijanje i rani porast klijanaca četiri sorte crvene deteline (Kolubara, K-32, K-17 i K-39). Test klijavosti sproveden je u laboratorijskim uslovima u sterilnim plastičnim posudama na filter papiru natopljenom sa 10 ml odgovarajuće koncentracije soli. Uočeno je da energija klijanja (EK), klijavost (K), neklijala i bolesna semena (NB), normalni klijanci (NK), dužina korena (DK), dužina hipokotila (DH), sveža (SvMK) i suva masa klijanaca (SuMK) i vigor indeks klijanaca (VIK) se značajno smanjuju sa povećanjem koncentracije NaCl u podlogama za naklijavanje. Ispitivane sorte imale su različitu toleranciju na soni stres u fazi klijanaca. Generalno, proučavane sorte su veoma osetljive na veću koncentraciju soli, posebno K-32 koja je imala najniže vrednosti za EK, K, NK i VIK, kao i najveći broj NB. Sorta K-17 se pokazala kao sorta koja najbolje toleriše soni stres jer su vrednosti za EK, K, NK, DK i VIK bile najviše. Testiranje sorti crvene deteline u ranom porastu klijanaca na podlogama za naklijavanje sa različitom koncentracijom NaCl može pomoći u indentifikaciji i izboru sorti za gajenje na zaslanjenim zemljištima.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH1403529M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.05.2015.

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