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Unapređenje ekoloških performansi primenom standarda ISO 14001 - studija slučaj
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Fakultet zaštite na radu
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Tehnološki fakultet, Leskovac
Projekat:
Unapređenje sistema monitoringa i procene dugotrajne izloženosti stanovništva zagađujućim supstancama u životnoj sredini primenom neuronskih mreža (MPNTR - 43014)
Istraživanje i razvoj energetski i ekološki visokoefektivnih sistema poligeneracije zasnovanih na obnovljivim izvorima energije (MPNTR - 42006)

Ključne reči: ISO 14001; benefiti; indikatori ekoloških performansi; unapređenje; naftna rafinerija
Sažetak
U radu je prikazana analiza prednosti primene standarda ISO 14001 u sistem upravljanja zaštitom životne sredine. Sistem upravljanja zaštitom životne sredine koji nije sertifikovan, odnosno usaglašen sa principima i uslovima standarda, značajno povećava mogućnost pojave ekološkog rizika. Nerešena pitanja ostaju u oblastima koja nisu izražena samo finansijskim vrednostima već imaju i nefinansijski karakter sa ciljem širenja tržišta, unapređenje imidža preduzeća i poboljšanja indikatora ekoloških performansi. Unapređenje efikasnosti sistema upravljanja zaštitom životne sredine preduzeća, postiže se minimiziranje i eliminisanje štetnih uticaja na životnu sredinu koja su posledica njihovih aktivnosti. Studija slučaja Rafinerije nafte Beograd (RNB) analizira implementaciju ISO 14001:2004 standarda u sistem upravljanja zaštitom životne sredine, posebno naglašavajući sopstveni način za vrednovanje aspekata životne sredine sa ciljem utvrđivanja rezultata unapređenja indikatora ekoloških performansi. Prosečne vrednosti prvog ekološkog indikatora postrojenja, ukupne količine otpadnih voda u m3 po toni proizvoda, jasno ukazuje na opadajući trend, što je potvrđeno i proporcionalnim smanjenjem prosečne vrednosti drugog ekološkog indikatora postrojenja, odnosno potrošnjom flokulanata (Al2(SO4)3 i Na2CO3) u kg m-3 otpadne vode RNB za posmatrani period 2008-2010 godina. Analiza slučaja RNB potvrđuje unapređenje ekoloških performansi primenom standarda ISO 14001.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/CICEQ120513088Z
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.01.2014.