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2010, vol. 47, br. 2, str. 457-460
Kratki pregled ranog širenja graška (Pisum sativum L.) u Evropi
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet
bNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresaaleksandar.mikic@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: arheologija; grašak; istorija useva; Pisum sativum L.; Stara Evropa; širenje
Sažetak
Grašak je predstavljao deo svakodnevne ishrane evropskih lovaca-sakupljača krajem poslednjeg ledenog doba. Glavni kriterijumi za određivanje odomaćivanja graška su nepucajuće mahune, krupno seme i glatka semenjača. Semena graška pronađena su među najstarijim ostacima gajenih biljaka na lokalitetu El-Kerk u Siriji, starosti 10,000 godina. Zajedno sa strninama i sočivom, grašak je odigrao ključnu ulogu u otpočinjanju 'poljoprivredne revolucije' u Starom svetu. Grašak je ušao u Evropu u njenim jugoistočnim delovima i prodro u unutrašnjost uz Dunav, šireći se brzo, što je potvrđeno njegovim prisustvom na udaljenim mestima u slično vreme. Lingvistički dokazi takođe govore u prilog da je grašak brzo postao prisutan u skoro svim delovima Evrope. Većina evropskih naroda poseduje svoje sopstvene reči za grašak, što znači da je postojao pre razvića njihovih prajezika.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 17.08.2010.