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2021, vol. 3, br. 1, str. 95-117
Nova EU direktiva o kolektivnim tužbama i finansiranje vođenja parničnog postupka sredstvima trećih lica - prilika za evropske potrošače
University of Turin, Italy + Turin Observatory on Economic Law and Innovation (TOELI), Italy + University of Trento, Italy

e-adresaandrea.pilettamassaro@unitn.it
Ključne reči: kolektivna tužba; finansiranje vođenja parnice; finansiranje vođenja parnice sredstvima trećih lica; harmonizacija; Evropska unija
Sažetak
Nakon što je godinama obeštećenje putem kolektivne tužbe bilo prepušteno nekoj vrsti regulatornog nadmetanja među državama članicama, Direktivom 1828/2020 je konačno na nivou cele EU uveden mehanizam kolektivne tužbe, sa ciljem da ojača položaj evropskog potrošača u novim tržišnim kretanjima u uslovima globalizacije i digitalizacije. Ovaj novi sistem, koji će funkcionisati paralelno sa domaćim sredstvima, uvodi neke novine kao što je mehanizam prekogranične tužbe, mogućnost usvajanja opt-out modela i specifična pravila u pogledu finansiranja vođenja parnice sredstvima trećih lica u kontekstu kolektivne tužbe. Ovaj element, kojim su se još bavile Preporuke iz 2013, od posebnog je interesa, jer finansiranje od strane trećih lica predstavlja naročito snažno sredstvo u kontekstu kolektivnog postupka kojim se građanima olakšava pristup pravdi. Međutim, pravila koja uvodi Direktiva 1828/2020 ostavljaju neka pitanja otvorenim. Konkretno, uloga suda u koracima koji se preduzimaju u pogledu sporazuma o finansiranju sa posebnim osvrtom na naknadu pružaoca finansiranja, kao i dejstvo sporazuma o finansiranju pri izboru opt-out mehanizma su od najvećeg značaja i zahtevaju dodatna tumačenja. U tom kontekstu, komparativni pristup biće od naročite pomoći u analizi rešenja koje su uvele ili razmatrale države s više iskustva sa finansiranjem sredstvima trećih lica, kao što su Australija, Kanada ili SAD.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/RKSPP2101095P
primljen: 21.04.2021.
prihvaćen: 14.05.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 12.06.2021.

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