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2013, vol. 54, br. 1, str. 39-47
Promene hemijskog i masnokiselinskog sastava mesa šarana u toku poluintenzivnog uzgoja
aInstitut za higijenu i tehnologiju mesa, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresaaurelija@inmesbgd.com
Projekat:
Unapređenje proizvodnih kapaciteta šarana (Cyprinus carpio L) programima ishrane i selekcije (MPNTR - 31075)
Uticaj kvaliteta komponenata u ishrani ciprinida na kvalitet mesa, gubitke i ekonomičnost proizvodnje (MPNTR - 31011)

Ključne reči: šaran; poluintenzivni uzgoj; osnovni hemijski sastav; masne kiseline; analiza varijansi (ANOVA); analiza glavnih komponenti (PCA); linearna diskriminaciona analiza (LDA)
Sažetak
Cilj ovog rada bio je ispitivanje osnovnog hemijskog i masnokiselinskog sastava šarana (Cyprinus carpio) u toku uzgoja u poluintenzivnom sistemu uz prihranjivanje ribe ekstrudiranom hranom, kao i statistička evaluacija dobijenih rezultata. Eksperiment je realizovan od proleća do jeseni, na ribarskom gazdinstvu 'Ečka'AD, a korišćen je dvogodišnji šaran u nasadu za dvogodišnji. Uzorci šarana su uzimani u toku aprila, juna, septembra i oktobra meseca. Sadržaj proteina u šaranu koji je uzorkovan u septembru značajno se razlikovao od sadržaja proteina u šaranu koji je uzorkovan u aprilu, junu i oktobru (p < 0,001), (17,48%, 17,27%, 18,28% i 17,26%, respektivno). Količine ukupnih lipida su blago rasle (2,25%, 2,37%, 3,02% i 4,72%, respektivno) sa povećanjem mase ribe (598 g, 874 g, 1439 g i 1984 g, respektivno), a između septembra i oktobra došlo je do značajnog povećanja ukupnih lipida (p <0,001). Sadržaj vlage se smanjivao (79,55%, 78,86%, 77,46% i 75,72%, respektivno). Analiza glavnih komponenti (Principal Component Analysis, PCA) i diskriminaciona linearna analiza (Linear Discrimination Analysis, LDA) ukazuju da je u toku perioda rasta ribe došlo do značajnih promena u sastavu masnih kiselina. U periodu istraživanja, od aprila do oktobra, količine masnih kiselina su bile sledeće: ZMK (zasićene masne kiseline) - 28,47%, 28,97%, 24,86% i 23,66%, respektivno; MNMK (mononezasićene masne kiseline) - 38,57%, 40,52%, 41,68% i 42,43%, respektivno, PNMK (polinezasićene masne kiseline) - 32,.53% , 30,49, 31,53% i 32,55%%, respektivno. Prihranjivanje šarana ekstrudiranom hranom uticalo je na porast količina MNMK i n-6 PNMK (24,98%, 22,86%, 26,96% i 27,99%, respektivno), kao i na smanjenje količina nutritivno važnih n-3 PNMK (5,13, 6,59%%, 4,57% i 4,57%, respektivno). Najveći odnos n-3/n-6 masnih kiselina dobijen je u junu (0,30), a najmanji u oktobru (0,16), što ukazuje da je ekstrudirana hrana koja je na ribnjaku korišćena bila bogata sa n-6 i siromašna sa n-3 PNMK. PCA i LDA su pokazale da je došlo do značajnih promena u sastavu masnih kiselina šarana tokom uzgoja. LDA analizom postignuto je razdvajanje šarana prema periodu uzorkovanja, a što je u korelaciji sa vrstom unete hrane.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/tehmesa1301039T
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.11.2013.