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2016, vol. 57, br. 3, str. 412-417
Hemijska ispitivanja miskantusa gajenog u Srbiji - potencijalni obnovljiv izvor energije
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za hemiju, tehnologiju i metalurgiju - IHTM, Srbija
bInstitut za zemljište, Beograd, Srbija
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Hemijski fakultet, Srbija
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za primenu nuklearne energije - INEP, Srbija

e-adresaolgacvet54@gmail.com
Projekat:
Geohemijska ispitivanja sedimentnih stena - fosilna goriva i zagađivači životne sredine (MPNTR - 176006)

Ključne reči: fizičko-hemijska analiza biomase; miskantus; biogorivo; Srbija; 'zelena' energija
Sažetak
Delimičan odgovor stručne i naučne javnosti na pitanje kako povećati kapacitete energetskih izvora je upotreba biomase kao sirovine, kako iz ekonomskih, tako i iz ekoloških razloga. U ovom radu su prikazani rezultati fizičko-hemijskih ispitivanja biomase miskantusa (Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu.), gajenog na teritoriji Republike Srbije, oglednom polju Instituta za primenu nuklearne energije, Zemun. Ispitivanjem količine pepela, elementarnog sastava biomase i kalorične vrednosti biomase (donje i gornje), koji su presudni za procenu kvaliteta biogoriva, ukazano je na mogućnost eksploatacije biomase miskantusa kao biogoriva. Prikupljanje uzoraka biljnog materijala za ovo istraživanje izvršeno je u dva žetvena roka: u jesen - vreme maksimuma biološkog prinosa i krajem zime, kada se dobija kvalitetnija biomasa za sagorevanje usled smanjenja sadržaja vlage i remobilizacije makro- i mikrohraniva iz nadzemnih delova rizoma. Vrednosti ispitivanih parametara pokazuju da biomasa ispunjava zahteve 'zelene' energije, jer produkti sagorevanja biomase svojom količinom (oksidi N i S) ne bi ugrožavali postojeći kvalitet životne sredine, a količina nastalog ugljenik (IV) - oksida ne bi predstavljala ekološki problem, jer bi se dalje uključila u proces fotosinteze. Rezultati hemijskih analiza argumentovano ukazuju na veliki potencijal upotrebe biomase miskantusa kao biogoriva (obnovljivog izvora energije) u proizvodnji toplotne energije.
Reference
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ZasMat1603412C
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 29.09.2016.

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