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2015, vol. 56, br. 4, str. 403-408
Bioetanol kao gorivo za motore sa unutrašnjim sagorevanjem
Univerzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Tehnološki fakultet, Zvornik, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresajotanovicm@mail.ru
Sažetak
Biogoriva za koje se smatra da će biti najperspektivnija u skorijoj budućnosti su bioetanol, biodizel, čisto biljno ulje i biometan. Mnoga biogoriva generišu velike benefite u poređenju sa fosilnim gorivom. Korišćenje bioetanola uglavnom će zavisiti od količine obnovljive biomase kao raspoložive sirovine. Sagorevanjem bioetanola dobijenog iz obnovljivih sirovina dolazi do znatne redukcije gasova koji izazivaju tzv. efekat staklene bašte u poređenju sa sagorevanjem fosilnih goriva. Hemijske i fizičke osobine bioetanola su bliske sa fosilnim gorivima usled čega on može biti korišćen da zameni benzin u postojećim motorima. Zbog njegove preferirane proizvodnje i potrošnje očekuje se njegov veliki društveno ekonomski uticaj naročito na lokalnom nivou. Proizvodnja bioetanola otvara nove tržišne mogućnosti za korišćenje poljoprivrednih produkata i nove šanse za poljoprivredne proizvođače. U budućnosti poljoprivreda neće igrati ulogu samo u proizvodnji hrane već takođe i u obezbeđenju energije.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ZasMat1504403M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 11.06.2016.

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