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Učestalost poremećaja u regulaciji glukoze kod gojazne dece i adolescenata u Srbiji
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za zdravstvenu zaštitu majke i deteta Republike Srbije 'Dr Vukan Čupić'
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za zdravstvenu zaštitu majke i deteta Republike Srbije 'Dr Vukan Čupić' + Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet

e-adresamajkaidete@ptt.rs
Ključne reči: gojaznost; deca; poremećaji u regulaciji glukoze; tip 2 dijabetesa melitusa
Sažetak
Prekomerna uhranjenost u populaciji dece i adolescenata predstavlja jedan od najznačajnijih javno zdravstvenih problema današnjice. Sa pandemijom gojaznosti kod mladih je uočeno povećanje prevalencije komplikacija gojaznosti koje su nekada primećivane samo kod odraslih, poput tipa 2 dijabetesa melitusa i drugih poremećaja u regulaciji glukoze. Učestalost ovih komorbiditeta gojaznosti u populaciji dece i adolescenata značajno se razlikuje u različitim delovima sveta, sa znatno većom prevalencijom u SAD u odnosu na Evropu. Ispitivanjem koje je obavljeno u Institutu za zdravstvenu zaštitu majke i deteta Srbije 'Dr Vukan Čupić', kod 301 deteta i adolescenata, utvrđena je prevalencija tipa 2 dijabetesa melitusa od 0,3%, a ukupna prevalencija drugih poremećaja u regulaciji glukoze, odnosno povećane glikemije našte i poremećaja tolerancije na glukozu iznosila je 16%. Iako ovi nalazi ne ukazuju na epidemiju tipa 2 dijabetesa melitusa kod dece u Srbiji, utvrđena je velika prevalencija drugih poremećaja u regulaciji glukoze, što ukazuje na potrebu za unapređenjem mera prevencije i ranog lečenja gojaznosti, kako bi se izbeglo smanjenje prosečne dužine i kvaliteta života u narednim generacijama odraslih u Srbiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
DOI: 10.5937/medgla1246092V
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 29.10.2012.