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2014, vol. 16, br. 1, str. 17-30
Doprinos slovenačkih brzo-rastućih preduzeća (gazela) zaposlenosti i dodatoj vrednosti
University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Maribor, Slovenia

e-adresakatja.crnogaj@uni-mb.si
Ključne reči: preduzeća sa visokim rastom (gazele); DaBeg indeks; mala i srednja preduzeća; rast zaposlenosti; dodata vrednost
Sažetak
Preduzeća sa visokom stopom rasta, tzv. gazele, odgovorna su za podsticanje ekonomskog rasta i razvoja preko stopa ekstremnog rasta (zaposlenost, prihodi, sredstva, dodata vrednost itd.). Shodno tome, istraživanje brzo-rastućih preduzeća može pružiti dragocene uvide u promovisanje dinamičnog preduzetništva u savremenom društvu. U ovom radu, ispitujemo preduzeća koja se odlikuju brzim rastom i njihov društveno-ekonomski doprinos na osnovu veličine preduzeća, zato što je dimenzija veličine jednog preduzeća bitna karakteristika koja utiče na nivo zaposlenosti i značajno doprinosi rastu zaposlenosti. Na osnovu nacionalnog rangiranja 500 preduzeća sa tendencijom najbržeg rasta, na osnovu podataka iz bilansa uspeha (rast prodaje u datom petogodišnjem periodu), poredimo gazele sa prosekom svih slovenačkih preduzeća. Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na to da gazele znatno doprinose zaposlenosti i stvaranju dodate (novostvorene) vrednosti. Rast preduzeća može se, takođe, meriti na osnovu drugih parametara, i stoga, u jednom delu analize koju smo sproveli, korišćenje mera ograničavamo na relativni rast zaposlenosti - DaBeg indeks. Rezultati pokazuju da su obrasci rasta među preduzećima heterogeni, a da inovativna preduzeća sa tendencijom najbržeg rasta daju dragocen društveno-ekonomski doprinos. Kao takve, gazele zahtevaju postojanje efektivnih mera podrške vladinih politika, koje imaju za cilj podsticanje i promovisanje preduzetništva usmerenog na rast.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ekonhor1401017C
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 09.05.2014.