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2020, vol. 148, br. 1-2, str. 94-99
Znanje i stavovi prema osobama sa depresivnim poremećajem i načini tretmana u uzorku osoba opšte populacije u Srbiji
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju
bUniverzitet Singidunum, FEFA - Fakultet za ekonomiju, finansije i administraciju - FEFA, Beograd

e-adresacolicmarija@outlook.com
Ključne reči: pismenost u oblasti mentalnog zdravlja; depresija; stavovi prema osobama sa mentalnim bolestima
Sažetak
Uvod/Cilj Cilj studije je ispitati pismenost u oblasti mentalnog zdravlja kod uzorka osoba opšte populacije u Srbiji, kao i stavove prema osobama sa mentalnim bolestima. Metode Primenjena je studija poprečnog preseka, sa strukturisanim intervjuom i vinjetom koja prikazuje osobu sa simptomima depresije. Stavovi su procenjeni Upitnikom o stavovima prema osobama sa mentalnim bolestima britanskog sektora zdravlja. Prigodan uzorak osoba opšte populacije se sastojao od 504 učesnika. Rezultati Rezultati su ukazali da je 72% ispitanika prepoznalo da je u pitanju neki problem mentalnog zdravlja, dok je 40,9% tačno identifikovalo osobu sa depresivnim poremećajem. Više ispitanika je verovalo da je depresija uzrokovana stresom nego biološkim faktorima. Kao najkorisnija pomoć za osobu prikazanu u vinjeti izabrana je pomoć psihologa, bliskog prijatelja i psihijatra. Upotreba vitamina i lekovitih biljaka je procenjena kao najkorisniji vid lečenja. Antidepresivi se smatraju i korisnim i štetnim. Stavovi prema osobama sa mentalnim bolestima su umereno pozitivni. Zaključak Pismenost u oblasti mentalnog zdravlja u Srbiji je umerena. Faktori rizika za negativne stavove uključuju stariji uzrast i niži stepen obrazovanja.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
DOI: 10.2298/SARH180613071M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 06.03.2020.

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