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2005, vol. 14, br. 2, str. 65-74
Uticaj staništa, svetlosti i temperature na klijanje semena mišjakinje (Stellaria media (L.) Vill.)
aInstitut za istraživanje u poljoprivredi Srbije, Centar za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd-Zemun
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Biološki fakultet, Institut za botaniku i botanička bašta "JEVREMOVAC"
Ključne reči: Stellaria media L. Vill; seed
Sažetak
Ispitivan je uticaj staništa, temperature i svetlosti na klijanje semena mišjakinje (Stellaria media (L.) Vill.), široko rasprostranjene korovske biljke. Sva semena su ubrana sa jednog lokaliteta u Beogradu i ispitivana u laboratorijskim uslovima. U politermostatu sa 10 različitih temperatura, od 2,4±1°C do 29,5±1°C, seme mišjakinje je, bez prisustva svetlosti, klijalo u rasponu od 2,4+1°C do 26,3+1°C. Klijavost je dostizala maksimum od skoro 100% u uskom opsegu, između 15°C i 18°C, a pri višim i nižim temperaturama je naglo opadala. U graničnim tačkama, na maksimalnoj i minimalnoj temperaturi, klijavost je bila samo 0,5%. Sva semena su pripadala istoj populaciji, ali su imala različitu klijavost zavisno od uslova u kojima su sazrevala, odnosno od uslova u kojima su rasle biljke sa kojih su ubrana. Semena ubrana sa biljaka koje su rasle u uslovima jake senke su na 24,5 ± 1°C klijala u dva puta većem procentu od semena ubranih sa biljaka koje su rasle u neposrednoj blizini, ali u uslovima slabe senke. Na optimalnoj temperaturi od 15,6±1°C su razlike u klijavosti bile neznatne. Ispitivana je klijavost semena različite veličine. Semena su podeljena u šest grupa, zavisno od njihove veličine, odnosno apsolutne težine (od 0,14 g do 0,48 g). Najkrupnija semena su na 24,5 ± 1°C klijala u gotovo četiri puta manjem procentu od najsitnijih. Klijavost je postupno rasla od najkrupnijih ka najsitnijim semenima. Semena su, nakon imbibovanja na različitim temperaturama, osvetljavana crvenom svetlošću u trajanju od 6 sati i dalje gajena na istim temperaturama. Osvetljavanje crvenom svetlošću je temperaturni opseg pri kome dolazi do maksimalnog klijanja proširilo ka nižim temperaturama. Kada su na istim temperaturama isklijavana semena koja su imbibovala na 25°C pre osvetljavanja, stimulativni efekat crvene svetlosti je bio manji, naročito na nižim temperaturama.
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jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.06.2007.