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2021, vol. 62, br. 1, str. 51-62
Istraživanje mehanizama loma železničkih osovina
aŠinvoz d.o.o., Zrenjanin
bSveučilište u Zagrebu, Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb, Hrvatska
cUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Tehnički fakultet 'Mihajlo Pupin', Zrenjanin, Srbija
dVisoka tehnička škola strukovnih studija, Zrenjanin

e-adresazeljkoelemir@gmail.com
Ključne reči: osovina; železničko vozilo; zamor materijala; železnički incidenti; korozija
Sažetak
U radu je dat sistematizovan pregled literaturnih izvora koji razmatraju uticaje kritičnih oštećenja mehaničke, korozivne i termičke prirode koja se mogu pojaviti na železničkim osovinama u toku eksploatacije i koja mogu biti uzročnici njihovog loma. Predstavljeni su rezultati istraživanja mehanizama koji svojom pojavom i delovanjem uzrokuju nastajanje pukotina, širenje pukotina i konačni prelom osovine železničkog vozila, kao što su zamor materijala i pojava lokalizovanih zareza nastalih odvajanjem farbe (premaza), oštećenjima od udara balasta i piting korozijom. Analiziran je uticaj visokih temperatura i pregrevanja na osovine i dat je izvod iz istraživanja objavljen u okviru jednog istraživačkog izveštaja. Istaknuti su neki značajni predlozi za optimizaciju konstrukcije osovina koji bi uzimali u obzir analizu vremenski promenljivih naprezanja osovine, spektar naprezanja u eksploataciji, toleranciju osovine na oštećenja i postojanje zaostalih površinskih naprezanja. Prikazani su i objašnjeni reljefi prelomnih površina osovine nakon železničkih incidenata i iskliznuća šinskog vozila iz šina.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zasmat2101051S
primljen: 20.11.2020.
prihvaćen: 09.01.2021.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.03.2021.
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