Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:7
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:7

Sadržaj

članak: 5 od 34  
Back povratak na rezultate
2017, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 123-134
Uticaj ađuvanata i tipa rasprskivača na suzbijanje samoniklog useva kukuruza kletodimom
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bUniveristy of Nebraska - Lincoln, North Platte, NE, USA

e-adresaandjela0107@hotmail.com
Ključne reči: samonikli kukuruz; kletodim; ađuvant; rasprskivač; utrošak radne tečnosti
Sažetak
Samonikli kukuruz je problematična korovska vrsta u usevu soje u USA, gde izaziva velike probleme tokom žetve, utiče na prinos i kvalitet zrna soje. To je izrazito kompetitivan korov zato što nadrasta usev soje, i poput drugih korova, utiče na prinos putem kompeticije za svetlost, vodu, hraniva i životni prostor. Postoji veći broj herbicida inhibitora enzima ACC-aza sa kojima je moguće suzbijati samonikli kukuruz u soji kao što je npr. kletodim. Stoga cilj istraživanja je bio da se utvrdi da li dodavanjem ađuvanata (koncentrat biljnog ulja 3,33% v/v (COC), nejonski surfaktant 0,25% v/v (NIS), metilisano ulje semena 3,33% v/v (MSO), koncentrovano biljno ulje 1,67% v/v (HSOC)) u kombinaciji sa različitim tipovima rasprskivača (XR110015, AIXR110015, TTI110015) i pri različitom utrošku radne (zaštitne) tečnosti (66 l ha-1, 132 l ha-1) je moguće povećati efikasnost kletodima u suzbijanju samoniklog kukuruza. Eksperiment je izveden u kontrolisanim uslovima u Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, West Central Research and Extension Center, University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 69101, USA. Tretmani su organizovani po potpuno slučajnom blok rasporedu sa osam ponavljanja i ceo ogled je ponovljen dva puta. Vizuelne ocene oštećenja su rađene 7, 14, 21 i 28 dana nakon tretiranja (DNT). Najbolja efikasnost u suzbijanju samoniklog kukuruza je postignuta pri manjem utrošku radne tečnosti (66 l ha-1) u tretmanu kletodim+COC, dok izbor rasprskivača nije imao uticaja na postignutu efikasnost (100%). Pri većoj zapremini radne tečnosti (132 l ha-1) izbor ađuvanta, kao i izbor rasprskivača su imali uticaja na efikasnost kletodima. Sa najboljom efikasnošću (98%) pri većoj zapremini radne tečnosti su bili tretmani kletodim+COC i kletodim+HSOC primenjeni XR rasprskivačem, kao i tretman kletodim+COC primenjen sa TTI rasprskivačem. Rezultati ovih istraživanja mogu biti od koristi poljoprivrednim proizvođačima pri suzbijanju samoniklog kukuruza (travnih korova) u širokolisnim usevima.
Reference
Ahrens, H.W., ur. (1994) Herbicide handbook. Washington: Weed Science Society of America, 7th edition
Andersen, R.N., Ford, J. H., Lueschen, W.E. (1982) Controlling Volunteer Corn ( Zea mays ) in Soybeans ( Glycine max ) with Diclofop and Glyphosate. Weed Science, 30(2): 132-136
Andersen, R.N., Geadelmann, J.L. (1982) The Effect of Parentage on the Control of Volunteer Corn ( Zea mays ) in Soybeans ( Glycine max ). Weed Science, 30(2): 127-131
Beckett, T.H., Stoller, E.W. (1988) Volunteer Corn ( Zea mays ) Interference in Soybeans ( Glycine max ). Weed Science, 36(2): 159-166
Castle, L.A., Wu, G., McElroy, D. (2006) Agricultural input traits: past, present and future. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 17(2): 105-112
Chahal, P.S., Bernards, M.L., Kruger, G.R., Blanco-Canqui, H., Jhala, A.J. (2014) Impact of glyphosate-resistant volunteer corn density, control timing, and late season emergence on soybean yield. u: Proceedings of 55th Annual Meeting of Weed Science Society of America (WSSA), Lexington, KY
Chahal, P.S., Jhala, A.J. (2015) Herbicide Programs for Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Volunteer Corn in Glufosinate-Resistant Soybean. Weed Technology, 29(3): 431-443
Chahal, P.S., Kruger, G., Blanco-Canqui, H., Jhala, A.J. (2014) Efficacy of Pre-Emergence and Post-Emergence Soybean Herbicides for Control of Glufosinate-, Glyphosate-, and Imidazolinone-Resistant Volunteer Corn. Journal of Agricultural Science, 6(8):
D. B. Smith,, S. D. Askew,, W. H. Morris,, D. R. Shaw,, M. Boyette (2000) Droplet size and leaf morphology effects on pesticide spray deposition. Transactions of the ASAE, 43(2): 255-259
Dale, J.E. (1981) Control of Johnsongrass ( Sorghum halepense ) and Volunteer Corn ( Zea mays ) in Soybeans ( Glycine max ). Weed Science, 29(6): 708-711
Davis, V.M., Marquardt, P.T., Johnson, W.G. (2008) Volunteer Corn in Northern Indiana Soybean Correlates to Glyphosate-Resistant Corn Adoption. CM, 7(1): 0
Deen, W., Hamill, A., Shropshire, C., Soltani, N., Sikkema, P.H. (2006) Control of Volunteer Glyphosate-Resistant Corn ( Zea mays ) in Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean ( Glycine max ). Weed Technology, 20(1): 261-266
Green, J.M. (2014) Current state of herbicides in herbicide-resistant crops. Pest Management Science, 70(9): 1351-1357
Hatzios, K.K., Penner, D. (1985) Interactions of herbicides with other agro-chemicals in higher plants. Reviews of Weed Science, 163-168: 1
Kudsk, P., Mathiassen, S. (2007) Analysis of adjuvant effects and their interactions with variable application parameters. Crop Protection, 26(3): 328-334
Marquardt, P., Krupke, C., Johnson, W. G. (2012) Competition of Transgenic Volunteer Corn with Soybean and the Effect on Western Corn Rootworm Emergence. Weed Science, 60(2): 193-198
McCullough, P.E., Hart, S.E. (2008) Spray Adjuvants Influence Bispyribac-Sodium Efficacy for Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) Control in Cool-Season Turf Grass. Weed Technology, 22(2): 257-262
Nandula, V.K., Poston, D.H., Reddy, K.N., Koger, C.H. (2007) Formulation and Adjuvant Effects on Uptake and Translocation of Clethodim in Bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ). Weed Science, 55(1): 6-11
Nurse, R.E., Hamill, A.S., Kells, J.J., Sikkema, P.H. (2008) Annual weed control may be improved when AMS is added to below-label glyphosate doses in glyphosate-tolerant maize (Zea mays L.). Crop Protection, 27(3-5): 452-458
Penner, D. (2000) Activator Adjuvants 1. Weed Technology, 14(4): 785-791
Sedlar, A., Bugarin, R., Đukić, N. (2014) Tehnika aplikacije pesticida. Novi Sad: Poljoprivredni fakultet, 57-116
Sharma, S.D., Singh, M. (2001) Surfactants Increase Toxicity of Glyphosate and 2,4-D to Brazil Pusley. HortScience, 36(4): 726-728
Shauck, T.C., Smeda, R.J. (2012) Control of Glyphosate-Resistant Corn ( Zea mays ) with Glufosinate or Imazethapyr plus Imazapyr in a Replant Situation. Weed Technology, 26(3): 417-421
Steckel, L.E., Thompson, M. A., Hayes, R.M. (2009) Herbicide Options for Controlling Glyphosate-Tolerant Corn in a Corn Replant Situation. Weed Technology, 23(2): 243-246
U.S. Department of Agriculture (2017) Acreage. Washington, DC: USDA-NASS, 6-15
Weinberger, P., Greenhalgh, R. (1984) Ecotoxicity of Adjuvants Used in Aerial Spraying. Washington, D.C: American Chemical Society (ACS), 351-363
Wilson, R., Sandell, L.D., Klein, R., Bernards, M. (2010) Volunteer corn control. u: Proceedings of 2010 Crop Production Clinics, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska - Extension, pp. 212-215
Young, B.G., Hart, S.E. (1997) Control of Volunteer Sethoxydim-Resistant Corn ( Zea mays ) in Soybean ( Glycine max ). Weed Technology, 11(4): 649-655
Zabkiewicz (2000) Adjuvants and herbicidal efficacy - present status and future prospects. Weed Research, 40(1): 139-149
Zimdahl, R.L. (2004) Weed-Crop Competition: A Review. Ames, IA: Blackwell, 220 p; 2nd edition
 

O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ActaHerb1702123O
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 10.01.2019.

Povezani članci

Acta agriculturae Serbica (2018)
Ispitivanje karakteristika ratarskih prskalica u Rasinskom okrugu
Đokić Dragoslav, i dr.

Pesticidi i fitomedicina (2011)
Uticaj različitih okvašivača i načina primene na efikasnost rimsulfurona u kukuruzu
Radivojević Ljiljana, i dr.

Pesticidi i fitomedicina (2011)
Hematološki efekti herbicida Avalon® (bentazon+dikamba) za pacova
Brkić Dragica, i dr.