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Acta agriculturae Serbica
2017, vol. 22, br. 43, str. 11-21
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 01/03/2018
doi: 10.5937/AASer1743011P
Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj starosti mladih bikova simentalske rase na randman
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Čačak
bUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
cUniverzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Lešak
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet veterinarske medicine

e-adresa: petrovic.milos87@kg.ac.rs

Projekat

Ekološki pristup i uvođenje savremenih biotehnologija kao osnova unapređenja tehnologije proizvodnje gajenih preživara (MPNTR - 31001)

Sažetak

Posmatrajući potencijal i tradiciju naše zemlje u proizvodnji kvalitetnog goveđeg mesa kao namirnice za ishranu ljudi i sirovine za preradu u prehrambenoj industriji s jedne strane, i potreba tržista EU sa druge strane, neophodno je intenzivirati proizvodnju ove vrste namirnice animalnog porekla. Cilj rada je bio da se analizira uticaj starosti junadi (mladih bikova) simentalske rase na randman, u klanici, prema standardu koji se primenjuje u zemljama Evropske Unije (Council Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007, Commission Regulation (EC) No 1249/2008; Commission European, Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development). U Republici Srbiji se samo delimično primenjuju propisi koji bliže definišu kvalitet mesa (Pravilnik Sl. list SFRJ 34/74, 26/75, 13/78). Ispravnost klanične obrade trupa je ocenjena kao adekvatna u objektu u kome je sprovedena analiza. Ispitivanje je sprovedeno na 116 trupova junadi (mladih bikova) iz otkupa. Formirane su dve grupe junadi (mladih bikova), prva starosti 269-350 dana i druga 351-450 dana. Rezultati pokazuju da su usled širih starosnih intervala u drugoj grupi (351-450 dana) razlike u masi životinja pre klanja i masi trupova nakon primarne obrade statistički značajne (P<0.05), dok su razlike između randmana dve posmatrane grupe statistički nesignifikantne (P>0.05). Dobijeni rezultati ukazuju da je neophodno preduzeti konkretne mere u primarnom sektoru radi postizanja boljeg prinosa i kvaliteta mesa.

Ključne reči

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