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2015, vol. 52, br. 2, str. 74-79
Povezanost između prinosa zrna i agronomskih osobina ozimog pivskog ječma
aNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad
bUniverzitet u Banjoj Luci, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Republika Srpska, BiH

e-adresamilan.mirosavljevic@nsseme.com
Projekat:
Savremeno oplemenjivanje strnih žita za sadašnje i buduće potrebe (MPNTR - 31066)

Sažetak
Prinos zrna je jedna je od najznačajnijih i najsloženijih osobina u procesu oplemenjivanja strnih žita koja zavisi od većeg broja svojstava biljaka. Uspešni programi oplemenjivanja zahtevaju pravilno poznavanje povezanosti između prinosa i različitih agronomskih osobina. Cilj ovog ispitivanja je bila ocena genotipova ozimog pivskog ječma i asocijacija između pojedinih agronomskih osobina i prinosa zrna. PCA biplot analiza je korištena za proučavanja povezanosti između poleganja, visine, mase hiljadu zrna, hektolitarske mase, sadržaja proteina i prinosa zrna kod 19 genotipova ječma. Rezultati su pokazali značajan uticaj godine, genotipa i interakcije genotip-godina na ispitivane osobine ječma. Takođe, utvrđeno je da se prinos zrna ozimog pivskog ječma može unaprediti odabirom biljaka optimizovane visine otpornih na poleganje sa višom masom hiljadu zrna (preko 41,0 g) i nižim sadržajem proteina u zrna (oko 11,0 g 100-1g dm).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov52-7860
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 24.06.2015.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman

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