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2016, vol. 32, br. 2, str. 145-161
Uticaj faktora na proizvodna svojstva kod meleza Awassi ovce i ovčepoljske pramenke u Makedoniji
aSs Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Institute of Animal Science, Skopje, Macedonia
bSs Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food, Skopje, Macedonia
cSt. Kliment Ohridski University, Veterinary Faculty, Bitola, Macedonia
dSt. Kliment Ohridski University, Faculty of Biotechnical Sciences, Bitola, Macedonia
eInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun
fFaculty of Agriculture in Osijek, Osijek, Croatia

e-adresanpacinovski@yahoo.com
Ključne reči: Awassi crossbreeds; production traits; impact of factors; daily milk yield
Sažetak
Cilj ovih istraživanja, bio je da se utvrdi veza između nekih faktora koji imaju uticaj na proizvodna svojstva kod meleza između rase Awassi i autohtone ovčepoljske ovce u Makedoniji. Uključili smo ukupno 1145 individualnih laktacijskih kontrola, u toku dve proizvodne godine (2012 i 2013). Uticaj posebnih faktora ispitivan je pomoću F-testa, dok su analize dobijenih podatka urađene pomoću programskog paketa SPSS. Veći broj faktora (laktacija, mesec jagnjenja i broj kontrole mlečnosti) imali su visoko značajan uticaj (P<0.001) na dnevnu proizvodnju mleka (jutarnje, večernje i ukupno mleko, % mlečne masti i kg mlečne masti). Jedino plodnost nije imala nikakav uticaj na ispitivane faktore, osim na ukupnu dnevnu produkciju mleka, gde je manifestovan visoko značajan uticaj (P<0.01). Prosečna laktacijska mlečnost kod ispitivanih meleza, bila je 109 ±0.479 l za dve proizvodne godine, dok je proizvodnja muznog mleka u istom periodu bila 72 ± 0,421 l. Dužina laktacijskog perioda u toku dve ispitivane godine u proseku je bila 203 ± 0,61 dana. U odnosu na uzrast, kod meleza u drugoj laktaciji je utvrđena nešto veća dnevna mlečnost (0.478 ±0.01 l.) u poređenju sa melezima u prvoj laktaciji (0.475 ± 0.01 l.). Ovo je sasvim logično imajući u vidu laktacijske krive kod ovce, posebno kod mlečne rase, gde pripada i Awassi rasa.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH1602145P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 02.02.2017.

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