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Ekonomika
2015, vol. 61, br. 1, str. 97-113
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
doi:10.5937/ekonomika1501097G


Održivost strane pomoći u poljoprivredi - iskustvo Makedonije
aMIT University, Faculty of Management, Skopje, Macedonia
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet

e-adresa: 1 dori.pavloska@mit.edu.mk, jelenastanojevic83@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Makedonska poljoprivreda je primila značajnu pomoć stranih donatora u protekle dve decenije. Sada, kada je većina tih donatorskih projekata završena, ovaj rad daje pregled najvažnijih faktora za postizanje održivosti strane pomoći poljoprivredi, ali i kako stepen te pomoći može biti održan i unapređen. Analiza se bazira na osam različitih stranih donatorskih projekata u Makedoniji. Podaci su prikupljeni putem primarnog istraživanja - intervjua sa stejkholderima tih projekata, i sekundarnog istraživanja - putem već postojeće literature iz konkretne oblasti. U analiziranim slučajevima, postignuta održivost nije na željenom nivou. Faktori koji su doprineli takvom stanju su: nedovoljna politička podrška, društveno-kulturni aspekti, institucionalni, ekonomski i finansijski aspekti, kao i drugi eksterni faktori. Ovo daje osnovu za preporuke koje mogu biti od izuzetnog značaja stejkholderima i potencijalnim korisnicima ovog rada: nacionalnoj vladi koja treba osigurati da strategije donatorskih zemalja budu u skladu sa nacionalnim strategijama; donatorima koji bi trebalo da imaju participativni pristup prilikom dizajniranja projekata; kao i krajnjim korisnicima projekata (poljoprivrednicima) koji bi trebalo da preuzmu veću odgovornost i pokažu veću posvećenost ostvarenim rezultatima tih projekata.

Ključne reči

održivost; donatorski projekti; strana pomoć; razvoj

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