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Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2010, iss. 45, pp. 475-481
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 13/07/2010
Foot deformities in preschool children according to their gender and age
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education

e-mail: sholens@uns.ns.ac.yu

Abstract

Urban conditions, physical surroundings and contemporary way of living have bad effects on development of children, particularly their postural status, which encompasses foot deformities. As regards foot deformities, which are also partially genetically determined, it is certain that contemporary way of living mentioned above, effects proper feet development. Timely diagnosing of feet status is the first measure to be taken in order to eliminate possible deformities. There is causal relation between evolution of feet development and child's age. Since process of foot arch forming usually ends by the age of 4, it is realistic to determine deformity incurred, after that. In our research, we were interested in initial phase of foot deformity, that is, in its occurrence with preschool children aged 4-7. We examined feet samples of 557 examinees of both genders using contemporary computerised digital podography method. Data obtained were statistically processed, and the outcomes were shown in table form and interpreted. On the basis of the outcomes, we defined number of deformities according to gender and age, and concluded that initial feet status of children at this age is extremely unsatisfactory, with 90 % occurrences of some deformities. Thus results from previous researches were confirmed and relevant conclusions with recommendations for further researches made. It is of particular importance to mention that mistakes with measuring were minimalised for contemporary diagnostic method was applied.

Keywords

foot; deformity; age; initial phase

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