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Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2010, iss. 45, pp. 375-383
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 13/07/2010
Posture in young preschoolers in the four counties of Vojvodina
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education

Abstract

The aim of the paper was to assess posture in young preschoolers and determine the possible differences between boys and girls, as well as the differences among the counties of Vojvodina. The evaluation of the posture in young preschoolers (I-IV grades) was done The sample included 392 students of both sexes, aged 7 - 11 from the counties of South and Western Bačka, Mid-Banat and Srem. Posture assessment was done using the method designed by Napoleon Volanski with eight body segments included: the head, shoulders, chest, the scapula (shoulder blades), spine, stomach, legs and feet. The cross-tabulation method was applied, which produced the marginal frequencies of certain categories in assessing the posture and analyzed counties. This helped us analyze the distribution of certain characteristics among the counties of Vojvodina. The differences in frequencies distribution were verified by means of the chi-square test. No significant differences were determined in posture assessment among the young preschoolers of the particular counties of Vojvodina with respect to gender. With respect to certain segments of the poseur in children from different counties of Vojvodina the following differences were found: in the segments of chest, shoulder blades and feet position assessment. In all probability, the observed differences are partly the consequence of socioeconomic and demographic living conditions of the children from certain counties of Vojvodina, but for the most part they are determined by the processes of children's growing up and development.

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References

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