Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: [1]
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:2
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:0
article: 10 from 21  
Back back to result list
Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2010, iss. 45, pp. 335-342
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 13/07/2010
Constitutional differences in student from Faculty of Sports and Physical Education
Univeristy of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education



Constitutional represents a specific set of structural-morphologic, physiological-function and psychological cognitive-conative characteristics of a person that makes him/her differ from the rest. Determining somatotypes contribute to increase of knowledge on variability of somatotypes within population, differences between population groups, etc. The aim of the research was to determine differences in somatotype of students at University of sport and physical education (USPE) measure in 1997 and 2008. The sample for this research was made on total of 117 students (age 22+/-1.27). They were chosen by the method of coincidence choice out of whole student popula­tion and divided into two groups. Eleven anthropometric variables were measured for the purpose of this research. Calculating every component of body constitution was carried out individually with the help of statistical package Somatotype 1.1. The research results show that there are statistically significant differences in two compo­nents of body constitution, in endomorph (p<.01) and mesomorph (p<.01) component in favor of students measured in 2008 (3.4-4.1-2.7 measure in 1997 versus 4.1-4.6-2.5 measured in 2008). On the basis of the results we can draw a conclusion that students of both generations belong to endomorph-mesomorph constitution type, with the remark that in students measured in 2008 there is more significantly expressed endomorph component, in consideration of higher mass and lower height.



Carter, J.E.L. (1980) The heath-carter somatotype method. San Diego: San Diego State University Syllabus Service
Carter, J.E.L., Ross, W.D., Duquet, W., Aubry, S.P. (1983) Advances in somatotype methodology and analysis. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 26:193-213
Carter, J.E.L., Heath, B.H. (1990) Somatotyping development and applications. Cambridge, itd: Cambridge University Press / CUP
Chaouachi, M., Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., Chtara, M., Feki, Y., Amri, M., Trudeau, F. (2005) Effects of dominant somatotype on aerobic capacity trainability. British journal of sports medicine, 39(12): 954-9
Conrad, K. (1963) Der Konstitution Typs. Berlin: Springer Verlag
Giampetro, M., Pujia, A., Bertini, I. (2003) Anthropometric features and body composition of young athletes practicing karate at high and medium competitive level. Acta Diabetologica, 4(supl. 1):S145-S148
Heath, B.H., Carter, J.E. (1967) A modified somatotype method. Am J Phys Anthropol, 27(1): 57-74
Kretschmer, E. (1940) Körperbau und Charakter. Berlin: Springer
Krsmanović, B., Jakonić, D., Krsmanović, R., Krsmanović, C. (1997) Somatotip studenata Fakulteta fizičke kulture. Glasnik Antropološkog društva Jugoslavije, br. 33, str. 177-183
Mišigoj-Duraković, M., Gošnik-Oreb, J. (1995) Delež maščobe v telesni strukturi študentov Fakulteta za telesno kulturo v Zagrebu. Kineziologia Slovenica, 2(1), str. 33-35
Mišigoj-Duraković, M., Heimer, S., Matković, B. (1998) Morphological and functional characteristics of the student population at the University of Zagreb. Kineziologija, Zagreb, 30(2), 31-37
Mišigoj-Duraković, M. (2008) Kinantropologija - biološki aspekti telesnog vežbanja. Zagreb: Kineziološki fakultet
Parnell, R.W. (1954) Somatotyping by physical anthropometry. American journal of physical anthropology, 12(2): 209-39
Poidalovä, M., Riegerovä, J., Dostälovä, I., Kopecky, M., Svec, J. (2007) An analysis of the supporting-motoric system in male and female students of the University of Defence in Brno. New Medicine, 3, str. 59-67
Rahmawati, N.T., Budiharjo, S., Ashizawa, K. (2007) Somatotypes of young male athletes and non-athlete students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Anthropological Science, 115(1), str. 1-7
Sheldon, W.H., Dupertius, C.W., Mcdermott, E. (1954) Atl as of men. New York: Harper and Brothers
Stewart, A.D., Benson, P.J., Michanikou, E.G., Tsiota, D.G., Narli, M.K. (2003) Body image perception, satisfaction and somatotype in male and female athletes and non-athletes: Results using a novel morphing technique. Journal of sports sciences, 21(10): 815-23
Tanner, J.M. (1964) The physique of the Olympic athletes. London: Allen & Unwin