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2020, vol. 61, br. 4, str. 313-327
Studija slučaja uređenja i korišćenja zemljišta za određivanje načina upravljanja zemljištem koji se može primeniti u poljoprivrednoj praksi za sprečavanje erozije i gubitka plodnog zemljišta
Akdeniz University, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Environmental Protection and Control, Antalya, Turkey

e-adresaErnurakiner@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Najbolje poljoprivredne prakse upravljanja; erozija; upotreba zemljišta; sliv Melen; hranljive materije; vrsta tla
Sažetak
Reka Buiuk Melen u slivu Melen zadovoljava Istanbulske potrebe za pijacom vodom. Zaštita bazena od zagađenja hranjivim sastojcima, takođe, je vitalna u ovom pogledu. Ova studija usredsredena je na najbolju mogucu praksu upravljanja (BMP) u bazenu Melen kako bi se smanjio izvoz hranljivih sastojaka iz poljoprivrednih podrucja. Regija koja obuhvata industrijske, poljoprivredne i stambene zone je sliv Melena. U Turskoj postoji prognoza globalnih klimatskih promena, a naucnici i guverneri moraju znati koja podrucja više nisu poljoprivredne zone, a koja CE biti prikladnija za poljoprivredu. Teritorija Turske je podrucje visokog rizika od dezertifikacije. U slivu Melen, vrsta zemljišta i svojstva korišcenja zemljišta utvrđeni su i mapirani pomocu GIS-a i Alata za procenu tla i vode (SWAT). Filterske trake puferskog BMP-a mogu se efikasno koristiti za zaštitu hranljivih sastojaka, koji se mogu odneti iz stambenih naselja i autoputeva. Regija u slivu je strma, a njene glinene i peskovite strukture tla idealne su za paralelne terase, stabilizaciju stepena, trakastu i konturnu kultivaciju. Ako tlo ne može da zadrži ili uskladišti vodu, zemljište može pretrpeti iznenadne poplave, što dovodi do erozije produktivnog površinskog sloja tla. Kada zaštitimo zemlju, ovo stanje se smanjuje. Kartiranje vrste zemljišta i upotrebe zemljišta trebalo bi da bude napravljeno što je pre moguce za preostale Turske basene naucnim metodama. Iz ovog razloga ovo istraživanje ima za cilj ilustraciju istraživanja na drugim poljoprivrednim basenima u Turskoj i svetu.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/zasmat2004313E
primljen: 20.08.2020.
prihvaćen: 23.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.02.2021.
Creative Commons License 4.0

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