Metrics

  • citations in SCIndeks: 0
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[]
  • visits in previous 30 days:2
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:1

Contents

article: 8 from 10  
Back back to result list
2013, vol. 17, iss. 2, pp. 89-92
Obtaining active ingredients from aromatic plants during the processing of Wild Thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.)
aUniversity Singidunum, Faculty of Applied Ecology - Futura, Belgrade
bBIOSS - PS and other, Belgrade

emailnada.babovic@futura.edu.rs
Abstract
Essential oils are highly volatile liquids obtained from various plants materials (flowers, buds, seeds, leaves, twigs, bark, herbs, trees, fruits, roots and other plant parts). Wild Thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) is a popular remedy regarding both traditional and conventional medicine. It is used as the antiseptic, aromatic, expectorant, stomachic, antispasmodic, carminative and preservative substance. Wild Thyme is a constituent of numerous herbal preparations made in pharmacies and the pharmaceutical industry due to its pharmacodynamic effects. It is extensively utilized in medicine, pharmacy, the food industry, the cosmetic industry, the alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverage industry, and the paint and varnish industry. For the purpose of this paper, Wild Thyme essential oil was isolated from the dried herb T. serpyllum by hydrodistillation. The following processing equipment was used for the hydrodistillation of T. serpyllum essential oils: 1) a semi-industrial distillation device SP-130 performing distillation by water and steam, 2) a Clevenger apparatus operating according to the procedure prescribed by the Euro Ph. 6.0. The temperature during the hydrodistillation in the device SP-130 ranged from 100 °C – 102 °C at atmospheric pressure, and the whole process lasted 5 hours. The isolated essential oil is a liquid of light yellow colour and the odour characteristic of the genus Thymus. The weight of treated dried plant biomass was 5.5 kg. After drying by means of anhydrous sodium sulphate, 4.1 g of pure essential oil was obtained. Obtained yield of essential oil by applying the distillation device SP-130 was 0.08 %. For comparative purposes, the same plant material used in the first trial with the device SP-130 was crushed and subjected to hydrodistillation in the Clevenger apparatus with the ratio of plant material and water 1:10 (m / v) for 2 hours. The yield of essential oil was 0.1%.
References
*** (2008) European Pharmacopoeia. Strasbourg: Council Of Europe, 6th edition
*** (2005-2010) Uredba o stavljanju pod kontrolu korišćenja i prometa divlje flore i faune. Sl. glasnik RS, br. 31/2005, 45/2005-ispr. 22/2007, 38/2008 i 9/2010
Ahmad, A.M., Khokhar, I., Ahmad, I., Kashmiri, M.A., Adnan, A., Ahmad, M. (2006) Study of antimicrobial activity and composition by gc/ms spectroscopic analysis of the essential oil of Thymus serphyllum. Internet Journal of Food Safety, 56-60; 5
Amidžić, L., Dražić, S., Kostić, M., Maksimović, S., Mandić, R., Menković, N., Panjković, B., Popov, V., Radanović, D., Roki, D., Sekulović, D., Stepanović, B., Tasić, S. (1999) Strategija zaštite lekovitog bilja u Srbiji. Beograd: Ministarstvo zaštite životne sredine Republike Srbije
Babovic, N., Djilas, S., Jadranin, M., Vajs, V., Ivanovic, J., Petrovic, S., Zizovic, I. (2010) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of antioxidant fractions from selected Lamiaceae herbs and their antioxidant capacity. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 11(1): 98-107
Babović, N., Žižović, I., Saičić, S., Ivanović, J., Petrović, S. (2010) Oxidative stabilization of sunflower oil by antioxidant fractions from selected Lamiaceae herbs. Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly / CICEQ, vol. 16, br. 4, str. 287-293
Bhaskara, M.V., Angers, P., Gosselin, A., Arul, J. (1998) Characterization and use of essential oil from Thymus vulgaris against Botrytis cinerea and Rhizopus stolonifer in strawberry fruits. Phytochemistry, 47(8): 1515
Blinkova, K.F., Vandyshev, V.V., Komarova, M.N., i dr. (1996) Rastenija dlia nas / Plants for us: Manual. Sankt Peterburg: Ychebnaja kniga
Burt, S. (2004) Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods-a review. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 94(3): 223-253
Catty, S. (2001) Hydrosols: The next aromatherapy. Rochester: Healing Arts Press
Costa, P., Gonçalves, S., Grosso, C., Andrade, P.B., Valentão, P., Bernardo-Gil, G., Romano, A. (2012) Chemical profiling and biological screening of Thymus lotocephalus extracts obtained by supercritical fluid extraction and hydrodistillation. Industrial Crops and Products, 36(1): 246-256
de Lisi, A., Tedone, L., Montesano, V., Sarli, G., Negro, D. (2011) Chemical characterisation of Thymus populations belonging from Southern Italy. Food Chemistry, 125(4): 1284-1286
Diklić, N. (1974) Thymus L. in: Josifović M. [ed.] Flora R. Srbije, Belgrade: SANU
Efterpi, C., Eleftherios, B., Ilias, G., Panagiota, F. (2012) Aromatic Plants as a Source of Bioactive Compounds. Agriculture, 2 (3): 228-243
Erkan, N. (2012) The Effect of Thyme and Garlic Oil on the Preservation of Vacuum-Packaged Hot Smoked Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Food and Bioprocess Technology, 5(4): 1246-1254
Evans, W.C., Trease,, Evans (2000) Trease and Evans’ Pharmacognosy. Edinburgh: WB Saunders, 15th ed
Hortus, T. (1976) A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the USA and Canada. New York: Macmillan
Inouye, S., Takahashi, M., Abe, S. (2008) A comparative study on the composition of forty four hydrosols and their essential oils. International Journal of Essential Oil Therapeutics, 2 (3): 89-104
Lee, S., Umano, K., Shibamoto, T., Lee, K. (2005) Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties. Food Chemistry, 91(1): 131-137
Low, T., Rodd, T., Beresford, R. (1994) Magic and medicine of plants. Readers Digest Publications Australia
Ložiene, K., Venskutonis, P.R., Šipailiene, A., i dr. (2007) Radical scavenging and antibacterial properties of the extracts from different Thymus pulegioides L. chemotypes. Food Chemistry, 103(2): 546
Paolini, J., Leandri, C., Desjobert, J., Barboni, T., Costa, J. (2008) Comparison of liquid-liquid extraction with headspace methods for the characterization of volatile fractions of commercial hydrolats from typically Mediterranean species. Journal of chromatography. A, 1193(1-2): 37-49
Petrović, S.S., Matović, M., Maksimović, S. (1996) Prilog tehnologiji izdvajanja etarskih ulja iz lekovitih i aromatičnih biljaka principom vode i vodene pare. Lekovite sirovine, 45(15): 41-48
Petrović, S.S., Ivanović, J., Milovanović, S., Žižović, I. (2012) Comparative analyses of the diffusion coefficients from thyme for different extraction processes. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, vol. 77, br. 6, str. 799-813
Phillips, H.F. (1989) What thyme is it?: A guide to the Thyme taxa cultivated in the United States. in: Herbs 89: Proceedings of the International Herb Growers and Marketers Association Conference, 44-50
Rota, M.C., Herrera, A., Martinez, R.M., Sotomayor, J.A., Jordan, M.J. (2008) Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Thymus vulgaris, Thymus zygis and Thymus hyemalis essential oils. Food Control, 19(7): 681
Skala, D., Žižović, I., Petrović, S.S. (1999) Etarska ulja - Destilacija, ekstrakcija, izbor tehnologije i kvalitet. Hemijska industrija, 4-5(1999): 123-138
Sovilj, M., Spasojević, M. (2001) Proizvodnja i primena etarskih ulja iz domaćeg lekovitog bilja. Časopis za procesnu tehniku i energetiku u poljoprivredi / PTEP, vol. 5, br. 1-2, str. 34-38
Thompson, J.D. (2002) Population structure and the spatial dynamics of genetic polymorphism in thyme. in: E. Stahl-Biskup and F. Sáez [ed.] Thyme: The Genus Thymus, London: Taylor and Francis, 44-74
Tucakov, J. (1984) Lečenje biljem - fitoterapija. Beograd: Rad
Wichtl, M. (1994) Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers
Zarzuelo, A., Crespo, E. (2002) The medicinal and nonmedicinal uses of thyme. in: Stahl-Biskup E., Sáez F. [ed.] Thyme: The genus Thymus, London - New York: Taylor and Francis, 263-292
 

About

article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published in SCIndeks: 02/09/2013

Related records