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2013, br. 29, str. 40-48
The early warning application role in facing the environmental crisis and disasters: 'Preliminarily risk management strategy for the greater city of Cairo'
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Helwan University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Department of Architecture, Cairo, Egypt
(ne postoji na srpskom)
Natural disasters are inevitable and it is almost impossible to fully recoup the damage caused by the disasters. But it is possible to minimize the potential risk by developing disaster early warning strategies, methods using the new technology applications which play a crucial role in efficient mitigation and management of disasters. This paper describes the importance of the remote sensing and Geographical Information System (GIS) in evolving a suitable strategy for disaster, crises and risk management using these technologies. The main objective of this paper is to make a Preliminary risk management plan (it is a logical and systematic method of identifying, analyzing, treating and monitoring the risks involved in any activity or process. This process helps Administrations to focus on priorities and in decisions on deploying limited resources to deal with the highest risks) using the Environmental risk map of the greater city of Cairo demonstrating the most high-risk administrative areas in the city, supported by field evidence and different sources of information. to reduce the loss of life and property and protect the Nation from all hazards, including natural disasters and other man-made disasters, by leading and supporting the Nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery, and mitigation. This study has shown that how can the early warning Applications can be useful in analyzing, Integrating and managing different datasets for predicting the environmental crises and disasters that may affect the urbanism inside the city and help in the preparation of the Risk management plan.
*** (2013) Cairo administrative boundaries description,?. CG - The official site of Cairo Government, http://www.cairo.gov.eg, (accessed January, 2013)
*** (2012) The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database. Brussels: EM-DAT - Université Catholique de Louvain, http://www. em-dat. net, (accessed October, 2012)
Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, UNDP (2008) Annual guide for environmental data and indicators 2008. Cairo
Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, UNDP (2001) Environmental profile of Egypt 2001, capacity 21 program. Cairo
Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, UNDP (2001) The national environmental action plan 2002-2017, capacity 21 program. Cairo
FEMA (2012) Hazard mitigation assistance unified guidance. http://www.fema.gov/hazardmitigation-assistance.htm, (accessed November, 2012)
Ministry of state for environmental affairs (2009) Egypt state of the environment report 2008. Cairo
Pelling, M. (2003) The vulnerability of cities: Disasters and social resilience. Michigan: Earthscan publications Ltd
Riad, S. (2002) Report on crisis and disaster management in Egypt. Cairo: UN-DMT

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: naučna polemika
DOI: 10.2298/SPAT1329040G
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 15.01.2014.

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