Facta universitatis - series: Mechanical Engineering
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Models for intralaminar damage and failure of fiber composites: A review
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
DLR, Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems, Braunschweig, Germany

Ključne reči: Fiber Composites; Unidirectional Layers; Strength; Failure Conditions
(ne postoji na srpskom)
In order to fully exploit the potential of structures made from fiber composites, designers need to know how damage occurs and develops and under what conditions the structure finally fails. Anisotropy and inhomogeneity cause a rather complex process of damage development which may be one reason for an exceptionally large number of existing models. This paper intends to provide an overview over those models and give some hints about current developments. As such it is an updated version of a recent publication [1]. The survey is limited to laminates from unidirectional layers out of straight continuous fiber polymer composites under quasi-static loading. Furthermore, focus is laid on intralaminar damage. Many failure models smear out the inhomogeneity between fibers and the matrix. Simply limiting each stress component separately can lead to surprisingly good results as documented in the first World-Wide Failure Exercise. Interpolation criteria consider mutual influence of normal and shear stresses, predominantly through a quadratic failure condition. Traditionally one distinguishes between interpolation criteria and physically based ones. As an important physical effect the difference between fiber failure and inter-fiber failure is considered. Furthermore, stress invariants are taken as a basis, increased shear strength under compression is accounted for, and characteristic failure modes are captured. Fibers and the matrix material are characterized by a large disparity in stiffness and strength. Micromechanical models consider this inhomogeneity but suffer from the difficulty to determine relevant material properties. Compressive strength in fiber direction has attracted special attention. However, the role of kink band formation, which is observed in the failure process, seems to be not yetfully understood. In summary it must be concluded that despite the tremendous effort which has been put into the model development the damage and failure simulation of fiber composites are not in a fully satisfying state. That is partly due to lack of accurate and reliable test results.

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jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 30.12.2016.

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