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2016, vol. 20, br. 4, str. 161-164
Uticaj proređene sadnje na obrazovanje prinosa nadzemne biomase Miscanthus x giganteus
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za primenu nuklearne energije - INEP
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet

e-adresazdzeletovic@inep.ac.rs
Projekat:
Project of the Department for agricultural soils at the Serbian Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection: Use of marginal lands for growing bioenergy grass Miscanthus x giganteus (contract No 401-00­01423/3/2016-14)

Ključne reči: miskantus; zasnivawe useva; gustina sadnje; prinos biomase
Sažetak
Cilj istraživanja je da se jednostavnim ogledom u poljskim uslovima ustanovi uticaj nižih nivoa uspešnosti zasnivanja miskantusa kroz proređenu sadnju (presađivanje) biljčica miskantusa na obrazovanje prinosa nadzemne biomase. Poljski ogled je zasnovan na visoko-produktivnom zemljištu tipa izluženi černozem. Sađeni su busenovi miskantusa starosti 2 meseca, sa 1-2 razvijena stabla. Ogled je obuhvatio 3 gustine sadnje: 0,50; 0,65 i 1,00 busenova miskantusa po m2. Faza zasnivanja useva trajala je 3 godine. Pri najnižoj gustini sadnje (0,50) prosečan prinos useva od 4-8 godine gajenja, kada se dostižu maksimumi prinosa nadzemne biomase, iznosio je 13,5±2,9 tona suve materije (s.m.)/ha, naspram 21,2±4,5 tona s.m./ha pri gustini sadnje 1,00. Rezultatipokazaju da se kod preporučene gustine sadnje rizoma miskantusa od 15000 rizoma/ha, na visoko produktivnom zemljištu, u povoljnim agroekološkim uslovima i pri relativno niskom prijemu (>43%) mogu dobiti zadovoljavajući prinosi nadzemne biomase miskantusa.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 05.01.2017.

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