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Journal Resuscitatio Balcanica
2019, vol. 5, br. 12, str. 150-154
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 27/10/2019
doi: 10.5937/JRB1912150R
Creative Commons License 4.0
Vanbolnički traumatizam u dečijem uzrastu
aResuscitacioni Savet Srbije
bKlinički centar Kragujevac

Sažetak

CILJ RADA: Analiza epidemioloških podataka traume koju su doživele osobe 0-18 godina. METODOLOGIJA RADA: U metodologiji su korišćeni podaci iz Programa EuReCa_Srbija Trauma registar (ESTR) Resuscitacionog Saveta Srbije (RSS), prospektivne opservacione multicentrične studije. ESTR događaji su prikupljani u periodu septembar-decembar 2018 onlajn upitnikom jedinstvene baze iz deset istraživačkih centara. Obrada podataka rađena u SPSS-10. REZULTATI: U posmatranom periodu ukupno povređenih od 0-18 godina, zabeleženo je 393/3396 (11%) ESTR događaja. Na terenu se intervenisalo 114/393 (29,1 %), a ambulantno 279/393 (70,9%). Starost pacijenata je u proseku 11,55 ± 5,45 godina. Najčešća mesta povređivanja su: prebivalište 200/393 (50,9%), ulica 102/393 (26,0%), škola/obdanište 43/393 (10,9%). Zadesnih povreda je bilo 321/393 (81,7%), samopovređivanja 4/393 (1,1%), nasilnih povreda 22/393 (5,6%). Otvorenih povreda je bilo 152/393 (38,7%). Povrede posmatranog uzrasta su najčešće usled: pada 180/393 (45,8%), saobraćaja 60/393 (15,3%), oštrih 31/393 (7,9%) i tupih 30/393 (7,6%) predmeta. Povrede glave i vrata je bilo 154/393 (39,2%), grudnog koša 3/393 (0,8%), abdomen/karlica 5/393 (1,3%), ekstremiteta 214/393 (54,4%). Prva pomoć očevidaca pružena kod 11/393 (2,7%). Hospitalni transfer zabeležen kod 116/393 (29,5 %). ZAKLJUČAK: Udeo povreda kod dece je značajno manji u odnosu na udeo dece u broju stanovnika. Ova studija ukazuje da se deca manje povređuju u odnosu na ostale populacione starosne grupe. Zabrinjavaju podaci o nepružanju prve pomoći očevica i roditelja. Neophodno je dalje praćenje podataka da bi se razumeli razlozi za izostajanje ukazivanja prve pomoći, te sprovođenje adekvatnih mera kako bi se uticalo na smanjenje povreda kod dece.

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