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Acta agriculturae Serbica
2019, vol. 24, br. 48, str. 97-106
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 29/01/2020
doi: 10.5937/AASer1948097M
Creative Commons License 4.0
Uloga podloge i tkiva ploda jabuke u antioksidativnoj aktivnosti
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Katedra za voćarstvo, vinogradarstvo i zaštitu bilja i proizvoda, Čačak
bInstitut za voćarstvo, Čačak
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Agronomski fakultet, Katedra za hemiju i inženjerstvo, Čačak

e-adresa: tomomilosevic@kg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Tokom dve uzastopne godine (2018 i 2019) ispitivali smo uticaj dve vegetativne podloge na masu ploda, sadržaj nekih nenutritivnih jedinjenja i ukupni antioksidativni kapacitet u mezokarpu i pokožici ploda jabuke sorte 'Hapke'. Rezultati su pokazali da je masa ploda bila veća na podlozi M.9 T337 u odnosu na M.26, ali slična u obe godine istraživanja. Podloga M.26 je značajno poboljšala sadržaj ukupnih kiselina, vitamina C, ukupnih fenola i ukupnih flavonoida i ukupni antioksidativni kapacitet u poređenju sa M.9 T337. Što se tiče tkiva ploda, pokožica je bila značajno bolji izvor ukupnih kiselina, vitamina C i fenolnih jedinjenja i imala je veći antioksidativni kapacitet od mezokarpa. Međutim, interakcija podloga × tkivo za pomenuta jedinjenja pokazuje složenu prirodu njihove akumulacije i distribucije u plodu.

Ključne reči

tkivo ploda jabuke; fenolna jedinjenja; ukupni antioksidativni kapacitet; vitamin C

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