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Acta agriculturae Serbica
2019, vol. 24, br. 48, str. 107-118
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 29/01/2020
doi: 10.5937/AASer1948107I
Creative Commons License 4.0
Patogeni lista trešnje i višnje u Srbiji
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
cNaučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresa: renatailicic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Poslednjih godina proizvodnja trešnje i višnje u Srbiji je povećana. U našim agroekološkim uslovima, patogeni lista ugrožavaju proizvodnju ovih perspektivnih voćnih vrsta. U periodu 2012-2019. godine praćeno je zdravstveno stanje trešnje i višnje, na više od 30 lokaliteta. avisno od sistema proizvodnje identifikovani su sledeći patogeni lista: Blumeriella jaapii, Wilsonomyces carpophilus, Mycosphaerella cerasella, Phoma prunicola, Podosphaera clandestina, Pseudomonas siringae pv. syringae i morsprunorum rasa 1. Patogeni lista izazivaju prevremenu defolijaciju, što negativno utiče na formiranje pupoljaka za narednu vegetaciju i povećanu osetljivost na izmrzavanje. Stoga pažnju treba usmeriti na ispravnu identifikaciju patogena, pravilan izbor i rotaciju fungicida različitog mehanizma delovanja, kao i optimalno vreme za njihovu primenu.

Ključne reči

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