Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:24
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:5
članak: 1 od 7  
Back povratak na rezultate
Glasnik Antropološkog društva Srbije
2019, br. 54, str. 1-14
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 10/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/gads54-20049
Creative Commons License 4.0
Prevalencija antropometrijskih i kardiovaskularnih faktora rizika kod bugarskih studenata univerziteta
University of Plovdiv "Paisii Hilendarski", Faculty of Biology, "Todor Samohodov" Plovdiv, Bulgaria

e-adresa: silviamladenova.sm@gmail.com

Projekat

This study was realized with financial support of the Scientific Researches Fund at Plovdiv University "Paisii Hilendarski", under project:"Heterotopy of the health on population in reproductive age", contract number SR15-FS-017 and project "Memoria de futuromultidisciplinary aspects of human studies", contract number FP17-FS-011

Sažetak

Ovaj rad istražuje prevalenciju kardiovaskularnih faktora rizika i njihovu povezanost sa antropometrijskim faktorima kod studenata univerziteta u Bugarskoj, uglavnom u južnoj Bugarskoj.Ispitivani uzorak obuhvatio je 386 mladih ljudi, 303 žena i 83 muškarca, starosti između 18 i 30 godina i prosečne starosti 21,2-21,3 godine. Studenti su bili iz različitih regiona Bugarske, ali uglavnom iz južne Bugarske. Sprovedeno je transverzalno ispitivanje u periodu od 2015. do 2017. godine. Svakom ispitaniku utvrđivani su telesna težina, telesna visina, obim struka i krvni pritisak. Prema formulama su na osnovu ovih vrednosti određivani indeks telesne mase (body mass index - BMI) i odnos obima struka i telesne visine (Waist-to-height ratio - WHtR). Pothranjenost je definisana kao BMI < 18.5 kg/m 2 , povišena telesna masa je za BMI u intervalu 25-29.9 kg/m 2 , a gojaznost je definisana za BMI ≥ 30 kg/m 2 . Odnos obima struka i telesne visine (WHtR) je korišćen za procenu centralne (abdominalne) gojaznosti i ona je definisana kao WHtR ≥ 0.5. Prehipertenzija se definiše za SBP > 120 <139 i/ili DBP > 80 <89 mmHg, a hipertenzija ukoliko je SBP ≥ 140 i/ili DBP ≥ 90 mmHg. Statistička obrada podataka obavljena je korišćenjem softvera Statistica 10.0 i SPSS 20.0, metodama descriptivne statistike i multiplom regresionom analizom. Rezultati pokazuju da je pothranjenost prisutna kod 1,2% pripadnika muškog i 15,2% ženskog pola, povećana uhranjenost prisutna je kod 32,5% ispitanika muškog i 13,9% ispitanika ženskog pola, a gojazno je 10,8% ispitanika muškog i 8,6% ispitanika ženskog pola. Sa centralnom gojaznošću je 32% ispitanika muškog i 17% ispitanika ženskog pola, nezavisno od statusa njihove ishrane. Prehipertenzija se javlja kod 46% muškaraca i 28% žena. Hipertenziju nalazimo u 18% muškaraca i 2% žena. Kod muških studenata sa prehipertenzijom, povišenu telesnu masu ima 35,7%, a gojazno je oko 10,7%, dok je kod muških studenata sa hipertenzijom, povišena telesna masa prisutna je kod 18.2%, a gojaznost kod 36,4%. U grupi prehipertenzivnih studentkinja 22,4% je sa povišenom telesnom masom, a 14,9% je gojazno. Hipertenzija je prisutna kod 20% njih sa povećanom uhranjenošću i kod 40% gojaznih studentkinja. U grupi muških studenata sa centralnom gojaznošću prehipertenzija je prisutna kod 55%, a hipertenzija kod 20%. U grupi studentkinja sa centralnom gojaznošću 47,5% je sa prehipertenzijom, a 7,5% sa hipertenzijom. Rezultati su takođe pokazali da je obim struka značajno može da utiče na nivo krvnog pritiska kod mladih odraslih osoba oba pola. Viša prevalenca povišenog krvnog pritiska, povišena telesna masa, opšta i centralna gojaznost kod studenata univerziteta u Bugarskoj može biti povezana sa faktorima kao što su pol, hormonski status, genetska predispozicija i polne razlike u nekim životnim navikama kao što su ishrana, pušenje, konzumiranje alkohola, fizička aktivnost, individualni fiziološki i biohemijski status, psihološki stres za vreme studentskoh života i drugo. Prevalenca ovih faktora rizika kod studenata univerziteta u Bugarskoj zahteva hitnu reakciju i dalju evaluaciju zbog teških posledica gojaznosti i hipertenzije i zbog toga što su hipertenzija i povišena telesna masa važni faktor rizika koji se mogu menjati tokom mladosti.

Ključne reči

prehipertenzija; hipertenzija; povišena telesn masa; gojaznost. centralna gojaznost; studenti bugarskih univerziteta

Reference

*** (2000) World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. JAMA, 284(23): 3043-5
Al-Majed,, Ht,, Sadek, A.A. (2012) Pre-hypertension and hypertension in college students in Kuwait: A neglected issue. J Family Community Med, 19 (2):105-12
Amandeep, B., Kaur, B.S., Kumar, R. (2009) Age specific relation of blood pressure with anthropometric variables among 19-24 years Punjabi female youth of Amritsar city in Punjab. India. The Anthropologist, 11(3): 207-211
Andreenko, E., Mladenova, S., Akabaliev, V. (2015) Anthropometric obesity indices in relation to age, educational level, occupation and physical activity in Bulgarian men. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 31(2): 651-658
Andreenko, E., Nikolova, M. (2010) Topical distribution of the subcutaneous fat tissue on some parts and regions of the body in children and adolescents from south Bulgaria. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment, 24(sup1): 342-346
Andreenko, E. (2005) Variations in the body mass index (BMI) of middle-aged men: Effects of the occupation, age and social class. Acta morphologica et anthropologica, 10: 203-206
Andreenko, E. (2009) Changes in the body composition and obesity in men aged 20-50 years. Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Research, 2 (suppl. 1): 117-120
Andreenko, E., Mladenova, S., Akabaliev, V. (2015) Influence of socio-economic, dietary and behavioral factors on overweight and obesity in Bulgarian men. Anthropologist, 21(1-2): 71-79
Andreenko, Е., Mladenova, S., Tineshev, S., Naydenov, M., Petrova, N. (2017) Anthropometric indices for obesity and potential health risk of Plovdiv students: Scientific researches of national scientific conference 'education and science-for personal and social development ' Smolyan 2017, Bulgaria. Biology and Chemistry. Medicine, 2: 195-205 ; (In Bulgarian)
Ashwell, M., Cole, T.J., Dixon, A.K. (1985) Obesity: New insight into the anthropometric classification of fat distribution shown by computed tomography. BMJ, 290(6483): 1692-1694
Aynaci, G., Akdemir, O. (2018) The relationship between lifestyle, health promotion lifestyle profile II and high blood pressure in university students. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 6(9): 1756-1761
Baig, M., Gazzaz, Z.J., Gari, M.A., Alattallah, H.G., Aljedaani, K.S., Mesawa, A.T., Alhazmi, A.A. (2015) Prevalence of obesity and hypertension among university students' and their knowledge and attitude towards risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 31(4): 816-820
Birdanova, V., Penkov, A., Stoynovska, M., Petkov, K., Statev, N. (2013) Investigation of nutritonal status among medical university students by antropometric indices. Science Dietetics, 1-2, 27-32; (Article in Bulgarian)
Brandao, M., Pimentel, F., Silva, C., Cardoso, M. (2008) Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a Portuguese university population. Rev Port Cardiol, 27(1): 7-25
Celermajer, D.S., Sorensen, K.E., Spiegelhalter, D.J., Georgakopoulos, D., Robinson, J., Deanfield, J.E. (1994) Aging is associated with endothelial dysfunction in healthy men years before the age-related decline in women. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 24(2): 471-476
Cheah, W.L., Hazmi, H., Chia, H.Q., Tindin, E., Ahmad, Z.N.A., Mohd, S.S.H. (2016) Hypertension and its association with anthropometric indexes among pre-university students. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 28(4): 373-379
Chobanian, A., Bakris, G., Black, H., Cushman, W., Green, L. (2003) The seventh report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC 7 report. JAMA, 3;289: 2560-72
Crnobrnja, V., Srdić, B., Stokić, E., Dujmović, F., Andrejić, B. (2012) Analysis of obesity prevalence in students from Novi Sad. Medicinski pregled, vol. 65, br. 3-4, str. 133-137
Dalton, M., Cameron, A.J., Zimmet, P.Z., Shaw, J.E., Jolley, D., Dunstan, D.W., Welborn, T.A. (2003) Waist circumference, waist-hip ratio and body mass index and their correlation with cardiovascular disease risk factors in Australian adults. Journal of Internal Medicine, 254(6): 555-563
Daud, S., Javaid, F. (2012) Estimation of body mass index (BMI) in medical students. PJMHS, 1, 5: 702-705
Dyakova, M., Shipkovenska, E., Dyakov, P., Dimitrov, P., Torbova, S. (2008) Cardiovascular risk assessment of Bulgarian urban population: Cross-sectional study. Croatian Medical Journal, 49(6): 783-791
Emmons, K. (2000) Behavioral and social sciences contributions to the health ofadults in the United States. u: Smedley, B., S. Syme [ur.] Promotinghealth: Intervention strategies from social and behavioral research, Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine; National Academy Press, 254-321
Farrag, A., Eraky, A., Aroussy, W., Sayed, G., Mahrous, A. (2015) Obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors in egyptian university students: Magniude of the problem. Epidemiology (sunnyvale), 5: 181-181
Feliciano-Alfonso, J.E., Mendivil, C.O., Ariza, I.D.S., Pérez, C.E. (2010) Cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome in a population of young students from the National University of Colombia. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, 56(3): 293-298
Furukawa, Y., Ehara, N., Taniguchi, R., Haruna, Y., Ozasa, N., Saito, N., Doi, T., Hoshino, K., Tamura, T., Shizuta, S., Abe, M., Toma, M., Morimoto, T., Teramukai, S., Fukushima, M. (2009) Coronary risk factor profile and prognostic factors for young Japanese patients undergoing coronary revascularization. Circulation Journal, 73(8): 1459-1465
Gharaibeh, M., Alzoubib, K., Khaboura, O., Tinawia, L., Hamada, R., Keewanc, E., Matarnehb, S., Alomarid, M. (2012) Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors among university students: The gender factor. Cardiology Research, 3(4): 172-179
Higgins, M., Kannel, W., Garrison, R., Pinsky, J., Stokes, J. (1988) Hazards of obesity: The framingham experience. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 222(S723): 23-36
Hsieh, S., Muto, T. (2005) The superiority of waist-to-height ratio as an anthropometric index to evaluate clustering of coronary risk factors among non-obese men and women. Preventive Medicine, 40(2): 216-220
Jain, J., Mathur, H., Apte, S., Sinha, U., Agarwal, K., Chanchlani, R. (2014) Prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension and its correlation with anthropometric measurements in medical students of central India. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 3(10): 2429-2433
Karen, K., Amy, S., Flora, H. (2009) The contributions of weight problem perception, BMI, gender, mood, and smoking status to binge eating amongcollege students. Eating Fehaviors, 10: 1-9
Khan, N., Khoi, H. (2008) Double burden of malnutrition: The Vietnamese perspective. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 17(1): 116-124
Lee, D.E., Cooper, R.S. (2009) Recommendations for global hypertension monitoring and prevention. Current Hypertension Reports, 11(6): 444-449
Lee, S., Ryu, H. (2018) Relationship between dietary intakes and the double burden of malnutrition in adults of Malang, Indonesia: An exploratory study. Nutr Res Pract, 12(5): 426-435; Epub Oct 1
Li, S., Chen, W., Srinivasan, S.R., Bond, M., Tang, R., Urbina, E.M., Berenson, G.S. (2003) Childhood cardiovascular risk factors and carotid vascular changes in adulthood: The Bogalusa heart study. JAMA, 290: 2271-6
Mackay, J., Mensah, G. (2004) The atlas of heart disease and stroke. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO)
Martin, R., Saller, K. (1957) Lehrbuch der Anthropologie. Stuttgart: Gustav Fisher Verlag, 1-661
Michael, C., Thrasivoulos, T., Chryssa, P. (2011) Evaluation of dietary habits and assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Greek university students. Appetite, 57: 377-383
Mitova, Z. (2010) Relation between the nutritional status type and the arterial blood pressure in 9-15 -yearold schoolchildren from Sofia. Acta morphologicaet anthropologica, 16: 76-87
Mladenova, S., Andreenko, E. (2015) The prevalence of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension among 8 to 15-year-old Bulgarian children and adolescents with various nutritional status: Smolyan region, 2012-2014. Anthropologist, 21(1-2): 51-60
Nikolova, M. (1994) Genetic and environmental influences on morphological characteristics. Mankind Quarterly, vol.XXXV, 1-2, 27-38
Nikolova, M., Sivkov, S., Akabaliev, V., Mladenova, S. (2005) Body composition of children and adolescents in Plovdiv. u: Proceedings from Balkan Scientific Conference of Biology, Plovdiv University Press, 150-159
Paavola, M., Vartiainen, E., Haukkala, A. (2004) Smoking, alcohol use, and physical activity: A 13-year longitudinal study ranging from adolescence into adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(3): 238-244
Petrova, S., Duleva, V., Rangelova, L. (1995) Monitoring on nutritional status of Bulgarian population: Prevalence and trends of obesity and underweight. Science Dietetics, 2: 18-29; (Article in Bulgarian)
Ribeiro, R., Coutinho, M., Bramorski, M. (2010) Association of the Waist-to-height ratio with cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents: The three cities heart study. Int J Prev Med, 1(1): 39-49
Rogacheva, A., Laatikainen, T., Tossavainen, K., Vlasoff, T., Panteleev, V., Vartiainen, E. (2006) Changes in cardiovascular risk factors among adolescents from 1995 to 2004 in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. European Journal of Public Health, 17(3): 257-262
Sakurai, M., Miura, K., Takamura, T., Ota, T., Ishizaki, M., Morikawa, Y., Kido, T., Naruse, Y., Nakagawa, H. (2006) Gender differences in the association between anthropometric indices of obesity and blood pressure in Japanese. Hypertension Research, 29(2): 75-80
Skovlund, A., Hasle, N., Toftegaard, P.L., Peterson, B. (2011) Female medical students are estimatedto have a higher risk for developing eating disorders than male medicalstudents. Dan Med Bul, 58: 1-5
Stojanović, D., Višnjić, A., Mitrović, V., Stojanović, M. (2009) Risk factors for the occurrence of cardovascular system diseases in students. Vojnosanitetski pregled, vol. 66, br. 6, str. 453-458
Unal, A., Nazan, E., Osman, S. (2010) Eating habits, lifestyle factors, and bodyweight status among Turkish private educational institution students. Nutrition, 26: 772-780
World Health Organization (2000) Noncommunicable diseases (NCD) country profile. 284: 3043-3088
World Health Organization (1995) Physical status: The use and interpretation of anthropometry: Report of a WHO expert committee. World Health Organ Tech Rep, Ser 854: 1-452
Yusuf, S., Hawken, S., Ôunpuu, S., Dans, T., Avezum, A., Lanas, F., McQueen, M., Budaj, A., Pais, P., Varigos, J., Lisheng, L. (2004) Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): Case-control study. Lancet, 364(9438): 937-952