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Acta stomatologica Naissi
2019, vol. 35, br. 80, str. 1977-1989
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: članak
objavljeno: 18/02/2020
doi: 10.5937/asn1980977P
Creative Commons License 4.0
Uticaj radioterapije i hemoterapije na oralna tkiva
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Stomatološka klinika
bKlinički centar Niš, Klinika za onkologiju
cUniverzitet u Nišu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra Patofiziologija
dUniverzitet u Nišu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: petrovicsmilica@gmail.com

Sažetak

Uvod: Tretman bolesnika koji boluju od raka, u smislu hemoterapije i radioterapije, značajno je evoluirao od svog začetka. Obe terapije, naročito ako se koriste u kombinaciji, imaju veoma ozbiljan potencijal da dovedu do neželjenih efekata, koji narušavaju kvalitet života i potencijalno povećavaju mortalitet bolesnika obolelih od raka. Cilj rada: U ovom radu opisan je uticaj radioterapije i hemoterapije na oralna tkiva. Oralne komplikacije koje se posledično javljaju mogu se svrstati u sledeće kategorije: mukozsitis, kserostomija, gljivične, virusne i bakterijske infekcije, disgeuzija, disfagija, profuzno krvarenje, osteonekroza i mišićni trizmus. Zaključak: Budući da je potreban širok spektar preventivnih i kurativnih mera, pojavljuje se potreba za sastavljanjem posebnih timova za brigu o bolesnicima pre, tokom i nakon radioterapije i hemoterapije. Takav onkološki tim trebalo bi imati doktora stomatologije, specijalistu oralne medicine kao aktivnog člana.

Ključne reči

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