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2020, vol. 24, iss. 1, pp. 9-12
Effectiveness of the process of cleaning natural alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) seeds
aInstitute for Forage Crops, Kruševac
bInstitute for Plant Protection and Environment, Belgrade
cUniversity of Kragujevac, Faculty of Agronomy, Čačak
dUniversity of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica, Faculty of Agiculture, Lešak
eUniversity of Niš, Faculty of agriculture, Kruševac

emaildragoslav.djokic@ikbks.com
Project:
Improvement of genetic potential and technologies in forage crops production in function of sustainable animal husbandry development (MESTD - 31057)

Abstract
This paper presents the results of the cleaning tests of three different natural alfalfa seed lots and three different red clover seed lots performed using seed processing machines. The alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and the red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) are two of the most important perennial forage legumes in the Republic of Serbia. Alfalfa and red clover seeds for sowing should be clean, i.e. free from weeds and foreign matter, and of high germination and genetic values. Such requirements can only be achieved by cleaning, i.e. removing all undesirable impurities and poor-quality seeds. The following parameters important for the seed cleaning process and equipment were observed: seed purity, contents of weed and other crop seeds, inert substance content, amounts of processed seeds (kg), seed loss and processing output. The results obtained facilitate (depending on the amount and type of weeds and other impurities found in the alfalfa and red clover seed lots considered) the proper adjustment of the seed processing equipment to obtain the largest possible quantity of quality seeds that are in compliance with the laws and regulations of Serbia.
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/jpea24-25504
published in SCIndeks: 16/05/2020