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Journal of Regional Security
2020, vol. 15, br. 1, str. 39-74
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 02/07/2020
doi: 10.5937/jrs15-24025
Criminalization as anxious and ineffective response to foreign fighters phenomenon in the Western Balkans
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju

e-adresa: luka.glusac@instifdt.bg.ac.rs

Sažetak

(ne postoji na srpskom)
Despite not being a new phenomenon, nor an Islamic specificum, only recently when the West has increasingly become a potential target of returning foreign fighters from the Syrian theater has the international community reacted. The UN Security Council called on Member-states to, inter alia, immediately amend their national legislation to criminalize travelling abroad for terrorist purposes. However, as I identify in this article, contrary to majority of the Western countries, the Western Balkan countries opted to amend their legislation to criminalize travelling abroad to join conflict irrespective of its connection with terrorism, going well beyond the intended aim of the Security Council's resolutions. I argue that this broader criminal law approach is difficult to justify from either preventive or reactive perspectives. It is, in fact, an anxious and ineffective response to foreign fighters phenomenon. It is anxious because existing data shows that countries from the region have suffered fewer extremist attacks than the West. Notwithstanding, they still decided to introduce far more aggressive legislative changes, even though it only amplified securitizing moves performed by fighters' recruiters. I further demonstrate that the implementation of this new legislation has been ineffective particularly due to: (1) the challenge of securing court-strong evidence, especially those gathered through international intelligence cooperation; (2) its application mainly as an alternative when other terrorism-related offences cannot be proved; and (3) biased law application in countries that have returning fighters from both Middle East and Ukraine.

Ključne reči

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