Akcije

Journal of Regional Security
kako citirati ovaj članak
podeli ovaj članak

Metrika

  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:124
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:18

Sadržaj

članak: 1 od 5  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 15, br. 2, str. 167-198
The vicious circle of corrosive capital, authoritarian tendencies and state capture in the Western Balkans
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
University of Oxford, Department of Politics and International Relations (DPIR), UK

e-adresatena.prelec@politics.ox.ac.uk
Ključne reči: foreign investment; illiberalism; non-Western actors; rule of law; Western Balkans
Sažetak
(ne postoji na srpskom)
The presence of 'non-Western actors' in the Western Balkans has recently attracted the attention of policy-makers and academics alike, with the rise in prominence of non-EU countries coinciding with the weakening power of accession conditionality. While this trend was initially discussed in the context of a 'new Cold War' narrative, evidence-based research soon showed that this engagement is underpinned by particularistic interests at the top and 'corrosive capital'. The governance dimension is therefore essential in understanding the ties existing between the Balkan countries and the non-Western actors. Making use of primary and secondary data, this article compares the modus operandi of two non-EU actors in the region: Russia and the United Arab Emirates. It is argued that non-transparent business deals can stimulate a normative shift in the Western Balkans' political leadership away from pursuing the rule of law, and towards an authoritarian turn, while strengthening small circles of self-serving elites, at the expense of the citizenry at large. This is conceptualised as a 'vicious circle' of illiberalism and state capture, as viewed through the lens of corrosive capital.
Reference
*** (2013) Transaction framework agreement: The Government of the Republic of Serbia and Etihad Airways PJSC and JAT Airways A.D. Balkan Insight, September 10, 2020, https://balkaninsight.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/etihadtransaction-framework-agreement.pdf
Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J.A. (2012) Why nations fail: The origins of power, prosperity and poverty. Profile
Aydintasbas, A. (2019) From myth to reality: How to understand turkey's role in the Western Balkans. Berlin: European Council of Foreign Relations (ECFR), May 13
B92 (2013) Srbijagas duguje milijardu evra. April 23
Bajatović, D. (2012) Radni dan Dušana Bajatovića, 14. epizoda - Južni Tok. May 26, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jh8i5hS8WB8
Bajrovic, R., Kraemer, R., Suljagic, E. (2018) Bosnia on the Russian chopping block: The potential for violence and steps to prevent it. Washington, DC: Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)
Balmaceda, M. (2013) The politics of energy dependency: Ukraine, Belarus, and Lithuania between domestic oligarchs and Russian pressure. u: Studies in Comparative Political Economy and Public Policy, Toronto: University of Toronto Press
Barber, T. (2016) How to read 'pro-Russia' victories in Bulgaria and Moldova. Financial Times, November 15
Bartlett, W., Ker-Lindsay, J., Alexander, K., Prelec, T. (2017) The UAE as an emerging actor in the Western Balkans: The case of strategic investment in Serbia. Journal of Arabian Studies, 7(1), 94-112
Bartlett, W., Prelec, T. (2020) UAE: Sultanism meets illiberalism. u: Bieber Florian, Tzifakis Nikolaos [ur.] The Western Balkans in the World: Linkages and Relations with External Actors, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 241-259
Bechev, D. (2017) Rival power: Russia's influence in Southeast Europe. New Haven-London: Yale University Press
Bechev, D. (2020) Russia: Playing a weak hand well. u: Bieber Florian, Tzifakis Nikolaos [ur.] The Western Balkans in the World: Linkages and Relations with Non-Western Countries, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 187-204
Beta (2019) Average monthly net earnings EUR 456.80 Serbia in September. N1 Srbija, November 25
Bieber, F. (2018) Patterns of competitive authoritarianism in the Western Balkans. East European Politics, 34(3), 337-354
Bieber, F. (2020) The rise of authoritarianism in the Western Balkans. Springer
Bieber, F., Tzifakis, N. (2019) The Western Balkans as a geopolitical chessboard?: Myths, realities and policy options. Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG)
Bieber, F., Tzifakis, N., ur. (2020) Western Balkans in the world: Linkages and relations with non-Western countries. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge
BiEPAG (2017) The crisis of democracy in the Western Balkans: Authoritarianism and EU stabilitocracy. Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG)
BIRN (2018) Multitasking: Collecting paychecks from the Serbian state. Balkan Insight, November 19
BIRN (2020) Pressures and attacks - BIRN
Boarov, D. (2000) Prvi dani nove vlasti - Srbija u kolapsu. Vreme, December 28
Bugajski, J. (2008) Expanding Eurasia: Russia's European ambitions. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies
Center for International Private Enterprise (2018) Channeling the tide: Protecting democracies amid a flood of corrosive capital. Washington, DC
Çeviker, G.E. (2016) Politics of favouritism in public procurement in Turkey: Reconfigurations of dependency networks in the AKP Era. Palgrave Macmillan
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Serbia (2019) Privredna saradnja Republike Srbije i Ujedinjenih Arapskih Emirata (Economic Exchange between the Republic of Serbia and the United Arab Emirates). Belgrade, Document available in private archive
Cianetti, L., Dawson, J., Hanley, S. (2018) Rethinking 'democratic backsliding' in Central and Eastern Europe: Looking beyond Hungary and Poland. East European Politics, 34(3), 243-256
Conley, H., Melino, M. (2019) Russian malign influence in Montenegro: The weaponization and exploitation of history, religion, and economics. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Conley, H., Mina, J., Stefanov, R., Vladimirov, M. (2016) The Kremlin playbook: Understanding Russian influence in Central and Eastern Europe. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Cooley, A., Heathershaw, J., Sharman, J.C. (2018) The rise of kleptocracy: Laundering cash, whitewashing reputations. Journal of Democracy, 29(1), 39-53
Cooley, A., Heathershaw, J. (2017) Dictators without borders: Power and money in Central Asia. New Haven-London: Yale University Press
Cupać, J. (2020) The anxiety dilemma: Locating the Western Balkans in the age of anxiety. Journal of Regional Security, vol. 15, br. 1, str. 7-38
Čečen, B. (2015) Investigative journalism under fire: A case study from Serbia. Global Investigative Journalism Network, January 30
Čukić, I., Sekulić, D., Slavković, L., Vilenica, A. (2015) Report from Belgrade waterfront. May 6
Damnjanović, M. (2018) Serbia. u: Ostrowski Wojciech, Butler Eamonn [ur.] Understanding Energy Security in Central and Eastern Europe: Russia, Transition and National Interest, London: Routledge, 202-221
Damnjanović, M. (2020) Serbia. u: Nations in Transit 2020: Dropping the Democratic Façade, Freedom House
Dellecker, A., Gomart, T. (2011) Russian energy security and foreign policy. London: Routledge
Diamandouros, P.N., Larrabee, F.S. (2000) Democratization in south-eastern Europe: Theoretical considerations and evolving trends. u: Pridham G., Gallagher T. [ur.] Experimenting with Democracy: Regime Change in the Balkans, London: Routledge
Dursun-Özkanca, O. (2016) Turkey and the European Union: Strategic partners or competitors in the Western Balkans?. Journal of Regional Security, vol. 11, br. 1, str. 33-54
Eggert, K., Petrov, N., Prelec, T. (2015) Russian foreign policy: What are we missing?. South East Europe at LSE, March 21
Ejdus, F. (2017) The impact of Turkey and the Gulf states. u: Lange Sabina, Nechev Zoran, Trauner Florian [ur.] Resilience in the Western Balkans, Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 51-56
Eke, S.M., Kuzio, T. (2000) Sultanism in Eastern Europe: The socio-political roots of authoritarian populism in Belarus. Europe-Asia Studies, 52(3), 523-547
Erlanger, S. (2018) In a new Cold War with Russia, Balkans become a testing ground. The New York Times, April 10
Georgiev, S. (2014) Otkrivanje tajne ministarskog sefa. BIRN/Javno, August
Gordy, E., Efendic, A., ur. (2019) Meaningful reform in the Western Balkans: Between formal institutions and informal practices. Peter Lang AG International Academic Publishers, https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9100295
Grabež, N. (2008) Ili Jugorosgas ili nemate Gas. Radio Free Europe, October 22
Grigas, A. (2017) The new geopolitics of natural gas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Holcombe, R.G. (2018) Political capitalism: How economic and political power is made and maintained. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Hopkins, V. (2019) Brussels says EU has 'underestimated' China's reach in Balkans. Financial Times, March 5
Huotari, J. (2011) Energy policy and (energy security) as a part of Russian foreign policy. Nordia Geographical Publications, 40(4), 121-132
IN4S (2017) Janković: Vučić stoji iza napada na mene i moju suprugu. November 30
Insajder (2019) Insajder: Srpsko-arapska posla. July, September 10, 2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMYxgYzioCQ
Insajder (2019) Država i dalje daje donacije Er Srbiji, dok Er Srbija od Etihada uzima kredite. August 6
Insajder (2016) Rusko-srpski posao veka, koji je propao, Insajder bez ograničenja. September 10, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7isU4BJXKBg&t=457s
Judah, T. (2019) Bye-bye, Balkans: A region in critical demographic decline. Balkan Insight, October 14
Kapidžić, D. (2020) The rise of illiberal politics in Southeast Europe. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 20(1), 1-17
Koranyi, D. (2015) The Trojan horse of Russian gas. Foreign Policy, February 15
Korteweg, R. (2018) Energy as a tool of foreign policy of authoritarian states, in particular Russia. Directorate - General for External Policies of the Union (European Parliament)
Ledeneva, A.V. (2006) How Russia really works: The informal practices that shaped post-Soviet politics and business. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press
Ledeneva, A.V. (1998) Russia's economy of favours: Blat, networking, and informal exchange. Cambridge University Press
Ledeneva, A.V. (2013) Can Russia modernise?. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Levitsky, S., Way, L. (2002) The rise of competitive authoritarianism. Journal of Democracy, 13(2), 51-65
Linz, J.J. (2000) Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers
Marović, J., Prelec, T., Kmezić, M. (2019) Strengthening the rule of law in the Western Balkans: Call for a revolution against particularism. Balkans in Europe Policy Advisory Group (BiEPAG)
Martin, V., Kovačević, M., Mirjačić, M., Novaković, I., Štiplija, N., Nuredinovska, E., Dimiskova, S. (2018) Russian economic footprint in the Western Balkans: Corruption and state capture risks. Sofia: Center for the Study of Democracy (CSD), September 10, 2020, http://old.csd.bg/ artShow.php?id=18228
Mefford, B. (2016) Moldova's presidential election pits pro-Europe candidates against pro-Russia ones. April 7
Mining South East Europe (2016) Privatization of Serbian oil company NIS by Gazprom still in pre-investigation phase. Mining South East Europe, April 25
Mirel, P. (2019) Union Européenne-Balkans Occidentaux: Pour Un Cadre de Négociations d'adhésion Rénové. u: Question d'Europe 529, Fondation Robert Schuman
Mironov, M., Zhuravskaya, E. (2016) Corruption in procurement and the political cycle in tunneling: Evidence from financial transactions data. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 8(2), 287-321
Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2006) Corruption: Diagnosis and treatment. Journal of Democracy, 17(3), 86-99
Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2015) The quest for good governance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Ne davimo Beograd (2015) Analiza ugovora o projektu 'Beograd na vodi'. September 10, 2020. https://nedavimobeograd.wordpress.com/2015/09/21/analizaugovora
Newnham, R. (2011) Oil, carrots, and sticks: Russia's energy resources as a foreign policy tool. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 2(2), 134-143
Nitoiu, C. (2016) Increasingly geopolitical?: The EU's approach towards the post-Soviet space. Journal of Regional Security, vol. 11, br. 1, str. 9-32
Oxford Analytica (2017) Tensions will rise as Montenegro 'coup' comes to trial. u: Emerald Expert Briefings, Oxford Analytica, March
Padejski, Đ. (2011) 'Srbija i 'Gasprom' - od Miloševića do danas (Serbia and 'Gazprom': From Milosevic till today). Republika, 494-495, 15-22
Parlamentarna Budžetska Kancelarija (PBK) (2020) Analiza javnog duga - Januar-Decembar 2019. godine
Pavlović, D. (2016) Mašina za rasipanje para - pet meseci u Ministarstvu privrede. Belgrade: Dan Graf
Pavlović, S. (2017) West is best: How 'stabilitocracy' undermines democracy building in the Balkans. LSE EUROPP - European Politics and Policy, May 5
Pećo, D. (2018) Serbian businessman with organized crime ties to profit big in airport deal. OCCRP, October 18
Pećo, D. (2017) Marija Mali o poslovima bivšeg supruga - ofšor, skrivena imovina, Savamala. KRIK, February 13
Polyakova, A. (2019) US efforts to counter Russian disinformation and malign influence. Washington, DC
Prelec, T. (2019) Doing business in the Balkans, UAE style. Milan: Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internationale (ISPI)
Prelec, T. (2020) FDI in the Balkans: The good, the bad and the ugly. u: The Balkans: Old, New Instabilities, edited by Giorgio Fruscione, Milan: Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI), 96-113
Prelec, T. (2016) Serbian parliamentary election 2016: A gamble that almost backfired. EUROPP - European Politics and Policy Blog, September 10, 2020, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/europpblog/2016/04/26/serbian-parliamentary-election-2016-a-gamble-that-almost-backfired
Prelec, T. (2017) The Serbian diaspora's political views: A study on the 2017 Serbian presidential election. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 21(1), 74-89
Radovanović, K., Ćurčić, D., Vasiljević, M. (2018) Belgrade incinerator plans raise burning questions. Belgrade: Bankwatch, September 10, 2020. https://bankwatch.org/blog/belgrade-incinerator-plans-raiseburning-questions
Reljić, D. (2017) The Impact of Russia. u: Lange Sabina, Nechev Zoran, Trauner Florian [ur.] Resilience in the Western Balkans, Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies, 43-50
RTS (2019) Bajatović - gasovod kroz Srbiju u funkciji do aprila 2020. September 10, 2020. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58OLcK079NU
Service, R. (2015) This is not a new Cold War but something more dangerous. Financial Times, September 23
Smith, K.C. (2008) Russia and European energy security: Divide and dominate. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Soares, D.O.R. (2007) Oil and politics in the Gulf of Guinea. Hurst
Soldatkin, V. (2019) Gazprom grabs record share of Europe gas market despite challenges: Reuters. Reuters
Stronski, P., Himes, A. (2019) Russia's game in the Balkans. Carnegie Endowment
Torkildsen, M. (2002) Amended expert report of Morten Torkildsen: Case no. IT-02-54-T. The Hague: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY
Tsafos, N. (2018) Who's afraid of Russian gas?: Bridging the transatlantic divide. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
USAID (2019) Countering Kremlin malign influence. Washington, DC
Vangeli, A. (2020) China: A new geoeconomic approach to the Balkans. u: Bieber Florian, Tzifakis Nikolaos [ur.] The Western Balkans in the World: Linkages and Relations with Non-Western Countries, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 205-224
Veljković, J. (2016) Tajna Vučićeve kafane - država bez kontrole imovine u Savamali. Javno
Vidov, P., Prkut, D. (2019) Zarobljavanje plinom (captured by gas). Zagreb: GONG, September 10, 2020. https://faktograf.hr/site/wp-content/ uploads/2019/03/zarobljavanje-plinom-final.pdf
Vračić, A. (2018) The way back: Brain drain and prosperity in the Western Balkans. Berlin: ECFR, https://www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/the_way_back_brain_drain_and_prosperiy_in_the_western_balkans (last visited 20 October 2019)
Vreme (2015) Dokument - Lex Specialis za 'Beograd na vodi'. https://www.vreme. com/cms/view.php?id=1282511
Weber, M. (1978) Economy and society. University of California Press
Weise, Z. (2018) Turkey's Balkan comeback. Politico, May 15
Wemer, D., Carpenter, M. (2019) How to push back against Kremlin's malign influence. Atlantic Council
Wisniewski, J. (2015) Virtual pipelines. New Eastern Europe, July
World Bank (2000) Anti-corruption in transition: A contribution to the policy debate. Washington, DC
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/jrs15-25716
primljen: 16.03.2020.
prihvaćen: 31.05.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.10.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman