Journal of Regional Security
kako citirati ovaj članak
podeli ovaj članak


  • citati u SCIndeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:33
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:13


članak: 4 od 5  
Back povratak na rezultate
2020, vol. 15, br. 2, str. 263-289
Hybrid regimes of the Western Balkans: Reflection of a global geopolitical struggle
(naslov ne postoji na srpskom)
Regent's University London, UK

(ne postoji na srpskom)
The new global order has yet to be fully established. The process reflects not only a geopolitical struggle but also a set of competitive political models. While it is possible to determine more than two dominant models, it is a contest between the two forms of democracy - liberal and illiberal. A one-party state, or a Chinese model, is an economic model used for geopolitical purposes while Muslim political model, strongly contested within the Muslim world, is restricted to areas dominated by the population of this faith. Some of its forms are reflected in the form of authoritarianism as developed in Turkey. The faith, therefore, is of lesser significance. The regimes in the Western Balkans have been developed and are based on two models of democracy. The resulting hybrid regimes are analysed in the global context of the powerstruggle and ideological contest. The question is whether the hybrid regimes of the Western Balkans are the result of dysfunctional local democracy or whether the search for global stability is resulting in a model of competitive authoritarianism which provides for global security but also supports the regime's desire to remain unchanged in perpetuity? This development might be supportive of international security but is an utterly destabilising factor for societies in the Western Balkans and a substantial obstacle to the development of liberal democracy.
Armed Forces Countries by military budget. December 13, 2019, https://armedforces.eu/budget/ranking_military_Budget
B92 (2017) Izetbegovic says his father 'bequeathed' Bosnia to Erdogan. October 20, September 9, 2020. https://www.b92.net/eng/news/region. php?yyyy=2017&mm=10&dd=20&nav_id=102605
Barbora, C., Grabovac, A., Hála, M., Lalić, J., ur. (2019) Western Balkans at the crossroads: Assessing influences of non-western external actors. The Prague Security Studies Institute, December 13, 2019. https://cens.ceu. edu/sites/cens.ceu.edu/files/attachment/article/813/publicationwesternbalkansatthecrossroadsfinal1.pdf
BBC (2019) Inside Europe: Ten years of turmoil, episode 2: Going for broke. February 23, December 13, 2019. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m0002fgg
Berk, E., Gumuscu, S. (2016) Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey. Third World Quarterly, 37(9), 1581-1606
Bieber, F. (2020) The rise of authoritarianism in the Western Balkans: New perspectives on South-East Europe. London: Palgrave Macmillan
Blinder, A. (2013) After the music stopped: The financial crisis, the response, and the work ahead. London: Penguin Press
Brown, D. (2018) The 15 countries with the highest military budgets in 2017. Business Insider, December 13, 2019. https://www.businessinsider.com/ highest-military-budgets-countries-2018-5?r=US&IR=T
Burnham, G., Lafta, R., Doocy, S., Roberts, L. (2006) Mortality after the 2003 invasion of Iraq: A cross-sectional cluster sample survey. Lancet, 368(9545), 1421-1428
CNN Money (2019) Bailed out banks. December 13, 2019. https://money.cnn.com/news/specials/storysupplement/bankbailout
Conley, H.A. (2019) Russian malign influence in Montenegro: The weaponization and exploitation of history, religion, and economics. CSIS Briefs, Center for Strategic and International Studies, December 13, 2019. https://www.csis. org/analysis/russian-malign-influence-montenegro
Deutsche Welle (2018) Home away from home: Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Sarajevo. May 19, September 9, 2019. https://www.dw.com/en/home-awayfrom-home-recep-tayyip-erdogan-in-sarajevo/a-43855519
Eder, T.S., Mardell, J. (2018) Belt and road reality check: How to assess china's investment in Eastern Europe. Mercator Institute for China Studies
Euractiv (2019) Pompeo warns of 'Russian bots' and 'Chinese bribes' in the Balkans. October 7, December 13, 2019. https://www.euractiv.com/section/enlargement/news/pompeo-warns-of-russian-bots-and-chinese-bribes-in-the-balkans
European Commission (2003) The EU-Western Balkans Summit. Thessaloniki, June 21. December 13, 2019. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/PRES_03_163
Ferguson, N. (2011) Civilization: The West and the rest. London: Allen Lane
Fukuyama, F. (1995) Reflections on the end of history, five years later. History and Theory, 34(2), 27-43
Fukuyama, F. (1989) The end of history?. National Interest, 16, 3-18
Funke, M., Schularick, M., Trebesch, C. (2015) The political aftermath of financial crises: Going to extremes. VOX CEPR Policy Portal, December 13, 2019. https://voxeu.org/article/political-aftermath-financial-crisesgoing-extremes
Funke, M., Schularick, M., Trebesch, C. (2016) The political aftermath of financial crises: Going to extremes. European Economic Review, 88, 227-260
Guo, S., ur. (2006) China's peaceful rise in the 21st century: Domestic and international conditions. Farnham, England: Ashgate Publishing
Halliday, F. (1992) An encounter with Fukuyama. New Left Review, I/193, December 13, 2019. https://newleftreview.org/issues/I193/articles/fred-halliday-an-encounter-with-fukuyama
Hay, W.A. (2006) What is democracy?; Liberal institutions and stability in changing societies. Orbis, 50(1), 133-151
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (2019) Joint communication to the European Parliament, the European Council and the Council EU: China - A strategic outlook. Strasbourg, March 12, October 11 2019. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/communication-euchina-a-strategic-outlook.pdf
Huntington, S.P. (1993) The clash of civilizations?. Foreign Affairs, 72(3), 22-49
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2006) Updated Iraq survey affirms earlier mortality estimates. October 11. October 8, 2019. https:// www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2006/burnham-iraq-2006.html
Johnson, J., Woodruff, D. (2017) Financial crisis and economic policy in Russia: Currency crises in post-Soviet Russia. Russian Review, 76(4), 612-634
Kaczmarski, M., Jakóbovski, J. (2017) Beijing's mistaken offer: The '16+1' and China's policy towards the European Union. OSW Center for Eastern Studies, September 15. September 10, 2020. https://www.osw.waw.pl/en/ publikacje/osw-commentary/2017-09-15/beijings-mistaken-offer-161-and-chinaspolicy-towards-european
Kapidžić, D. (2020) Subnational competitive authoritarianism and power-sharing in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 20(1), 81-101
Kapidžić, D. (2020) The rise of illiberal politics in Southeast Europe. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 20(1), 1-17
Kavalski, E. (2019) China's '16+1' is dead?: Long live the '17+1'. The Diplomat, March 29. October 8, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2019/03/chinas-161-is-dead-long-live-the-171
Kılınç, M., Kılınç, Z., Turhan, I.M. (2012) Resilience of the Turkish economy during the global financial crisis of 2008. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 48(5), 19-34
Kirkpatrick, D.D. (2011) Premier of Turkey takes role in region. The New York Times, September 12. December 13, 2019. https://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/13/world/middleeast/13egypt.html
Krekó, P., Enyedi, Z. (2018) Explaining Eastern Europe: Orbán's laboratory of illiberalism. Journal of Democracy, 29(3), 39-51
Le, C.P., Vuksanovic, V. (2019) Serbia: China's open door to the Balkans. The Diplomat, January 1. October 8, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2019/01/serbia-chinas-open-door-to-the-balkans
Luce, E. (2018) The retreat of Western liberalism. London: Abacus
Mishra, P. (2018) Age of anger: A history of the present. London: Penguin Books
Mounk, Y. (2018) The people vs. democracy: Why our freedom is in danger & how to save it. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
Mudde, C., Kaltwasser, C.R. (2017) Populism: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Mudde, C. (2015) The problem with populism. The Guardian, February 17. December 13, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/ feb/17/problem-populism-syriza-podemos-dark-side-europe
N1 (2018) Izetbegovic defends Erdogan. May 11, 2018, September 10, 2019. http://ba.n1info.com/English/NEWS/a259776/comments/Izetbegovic-defends-Erdogan.html
O'Connor, T. (2018) U.S. has spent six trillion dollars on wars that killed half a million people since 9/11: Report says. Newsweek, November 14. December 13, 2019. https://www.newsweek.com/us-spent-six-trillion-wars-killed-halfmillion-1215588?fbclid=IwAR1cdexEz4AJz0iUX-nvlCqV1EJ6P6vUvglYHTtF49lH-Vkfk1uZnou88xfM
Öniş, Z. (2012) The triumph of conservative globalism: The political economy of the AKP era. Turkish Studies, 13(2), 135-152
Öniş, Z., Güven, A.B. (2011) Global crisis, national responses: The political economy of Turkish exceptionalism. New Political Economy, 16(5), 585-608
Öniş, Z., Kutlay, M. (2013) Rising powers in a changing global order: The political economy of Turkey in the age of brics. Third World Quarterly, 34(8), 1409-1426
Orbán, V. (2014) Prime Minister Viktor Orbán's speech at the 25th Bálványos summer free university and student camp. July 30. October 8, 2019. http://www.kormany.hu/en/the-prime-minister/the-prime-minister-s-speeches/ prime-minister-viktor-orban-s-speech-at-the-25th-balvanyos-summer-free-university-and-student-camp
Pan, C. (2009) Peaceful rise and china's new international contract: The state in change in transnational society. u: Chelan Li Linda [ur.] The Chinese State in Transition, Processes and Contests in Local China, Abingdon, England: Routledge, 129
Polyakova, A. (2019) US efforts to counter Russian disinformation and malign influence. July 10. October 8, 2019. https://www.brookings.edu/testimonies/u-s-efforts-to-counter-russian-disinformation-and-malign-influence
Pomerantsev, P. (2017) Nothing is true and everything is possible: Adventures in modern Russia. London: Faber & Faber
Press TV (2018) US has spent six trillion dollars on wars that killed 500,000 people since 9/11: Study. November 16. December 13, 2019. https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/11/16/580160/US-spent-six-trillion-dollars-on-wars-that-killed-500000-people-since-911
Reuters (2015) FACTBOX-What has happened to more than 30 bailed-out European banks. August 21. December 13, 2019. https://uk.reuters.com/article/europe-banks-bailouts/factbox-what-has-happened-to-more-than-30-bailedout-european-banks-idUKL5N10W0XJ20150821
Seter, J. (2019) US Warns Balkans of Chinese encroachment. Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), October 8. December 13, 2019. https://www.occrp.org/en/27-ccwatch/cc-watch-briefs/10840-us-warns-balkans-of-chinese-encroachment
Shullman, D., ur. (2019) Chinese malign influence and the corrosion of democracy: An assessment of Chinese interference in thirteen key countries. The International Republican Institute, December 13, 2019, https://www.iri.org/ resource/new-report-exposes-chinas-malign-influence-and-corrosion-democracyworldwide
Snyder, T. (2017) On tyranny: Twenty lessons from the twentieth century. London: The Bodley Head
Tang, W. (2016) Populist authoritarianism: Chinese political culture and regime sustainability. Oxford: Oxford University Press
The Economist (2014) What's gone wrong with Russia's economy. December 17. December 13, 2019. https://www.economist.com/the-economist-explains/2014/12/17/whats-gone-wrong-with-russias-economy
The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs (2019) Costs of war project. December 13, 2019. https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar
Treanor, J. (2014) Russian recession fears as economy shrinks for first time in five years. The Guardian, December 29. December 13, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/dec/29/russia-recession-economy-shrinks-oilprices-sanctions-rouble
United Nations Desa Population Division (2017) World population prospects 2017. December 13, 2019, https://population.un.org/wpp
Weidenfeld, J. (2018) China's Europe policy poses a challenge to EU cohesion. The Diplomat, August 16. December 13, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2018/08/chinas-europe-policy-poses-a-challenge-to-eu-cohesion
Wemer, D.A. (2019) How to push back Kremlin's malign influence. Atlantic Council: New Atlanticist, 21 May. December 13, 2019. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/new-atlanticist/how-to-push-back-against-kremlin-s-maligninfluence
Wilson, D. (2019) Great power competition in Southeast Europe. Atlantic Council: New Atlanticist, September 17. December 13, 2019. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/blogs/new-atlanticist/great-power-competition-in-southeasteurope
Young, G. (1980) On the mass line. Modern China, 6(2), 225-240
Zakaria, F. (2001) Why do they hate us?. Newsweek, 14 October. December 13, 2019. https://www.newsweek.com/politics-rage-why-do-they-hateus-154345
Zielonka, J. (2018) Counter-revolution: Liberal Europe in retreat. Oxford: Oxford University Press

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/jrs15-24525
primljen: 20.12.2019.
prihvaćen: 06.05.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.10.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman