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2020, vol. 54, br. 3, str. 560-582
Poverenje i subjektivna dobrobit u Srbiji za vreme pandemije - rezultati istraživanja
Univerzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet, Studijska grupa za sociologiju

e-adresanina.pavlovic@filfak.ni.ac.rs, jasmina.petrovic@filfak.ni.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ministarstvo prosvete, nauke i tehnološkog razvoja Republike Srbije (institucija: Univerzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet) (MPNTR - 451-03-68/2020-14/200165)

Sažetak
Kontekst pandemije izazvane infektivnim uzročnikom, time i potencijalna zdravstvena ugroženost velikog broja ljudi jeste novi, savremenom čoveku, malo poznat oblik rizika. Osim oslanjanja na efekte kontrolisanih medicinskih i epidemioloških mera, takva situacija građane usmerava na saradnju i solidarnost i zahteva određeni stepen poverenja ne samo u institucije, nego i poverenje na nivou interpersonalnih odnosa, kao i na lične kapacitete za funkcionisanje u kriznim okolnostima. Ključno pitanje ovog rada jeste koliki su stepen poverenja u ljude ispoljili građani Srbije tokom pandemije i da li se ovaj nivo generalizovanog poverenja razlikuje u grupama prema sociodemografskim obeležjima, tačnije koje su društvene grupe najviše pogođene odsustvom generalizovanog poverenja. Pored toga, ispitan je set varijabli koje su deo koncepta subjektivnog blagostanja (osećaj sreće i zadovoljstva životom) ili su sa njim tesno povezane (osećaj kontrole nad životom, subjektivna procena zdravlja, procena solidarnosti i poštenja drugih ljudi). Analizirani podaci su dobijeni na uzorku od 602 punoletna građana Srbije, posredstvom onlajn istraživanja sprovedenog u maju 2020. godine, deljenjem upitnika putem imejla i društvenih mreža sa više tačaka pristupa. Podaci su upoređeni sa najnovijim dostupnim podacima o pomenutim indikatorima u Srbiji pre pandemije, prikupljene u sklopu Evropske studije vrednosti (European Values Study, EVS) iz 2017. i Evropskog društvenog istraživanja (European Social Survey, ESS) iz 2018. godine. Rezultati ukazuju na značajan pad sreće, kontinuirano niske nivoe osećaja kontrole i zadovoljstva životom, ali i porast u proceni solidarnosti i poštenja drugih ljudi. Navedeni nalazi su u saglasnosti sa rezultatima prethodnih studija koje upućuju na različite dominantne aspekte u ispitivanim konceptima, odakle sledi njihova različita fleksibilnost i (ne)otpornost na promene u društvu.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/socpreg54-27816
primljen: 05.08.2020.
prihvaćen: 04.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 27.10.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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