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2020, vol. 50, br. 3, str. 47-68
Tugovanje nakon raskida - razlika između inicijatora i neinicijatora u zavisnosti od strategija prevladavanja i afektivne vezanosti
aUniverzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Filozofski fakultet, Katedra za psihologiju
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Filozofski fakultet, Studijska grupa za psihologiju

e-adresakristina.randjelovic@pr.ac.rs, nikolagoljovic@gmail.com
Ključne reči: tugovanje nakon raskida; romantične veze; inicijator raskida; strategije suočavanja; afektivna vezanost
Sažetak
Partnerski odnos može biti jedan od značajnijih odnosa u životu jedne osobe, dok raskid romantične veze može biti bolan i stresan događaj sa brojnim posledicama kako po psihičko tako i po fizičko stanje osobe. Većina raskida nije uzajamna, odnosno razlikuju se onaj koji "ostavlja" i onaj koji je "ostavljen", stoga se i reakcije na raskid romantične veze mogu razlikovati u zavisnosti od toga ko je inicirao raskid. Cilj ovog rada je ispitati da li postoji razlika između inicijatora i neinicijatora raskida partnerske veze u nivou doživljenih emocionalnih teškoća nakon raskida. Kako su prethodna istraživanja neusaglašena kada su rezultati u pitanju, cilj ovog rada je ispitati pod kojim uslovima dolazi do takve promene u rezultatima, tj. da li je ovaj odnos moderiran nekim drugim varijablama, zbog čega su rezultati nekonzistentni. U fokusu ovog rada jesu unutrašnji radni modeli teorije afektivne vezanosti i strategije prevladavanja stresa. Uzorak korišćen u istraživanju je prigodan i sačinjava ga 387 ispitanika. Raspon godina starosti je između 18 i 40 (AS=23.90; SD=4.22). Koristili smo Close Relationship Experience Questionnaire (Brenan, Clark, Shaver, 1995), Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) i Breakup Distress Scale (Field & al., 2010). Rezultat t-testa je potvrdio da inicijatori doživljavaju manje problema sa prevladavanjem raskida od neinicijatora raskida veze (t(365)=4.62; p<.01). U okviru konstruisanog predikcionog modela ukupno četiri prediktora pokazala su nezavisan doprinos objašnjenju otežanog tugovanja nakon raskida: status inicijatora raskida veze, suočavanje usmereno na rešavanje problema, suočavanje izbegavanjem i anksioznost. Kasnije je testiranjem doprinosa prediktora i varijable status inicijatora dobijena kao statistički značajna interakcija sa anksioznošću. Ispitanici koji imaju nisku anksioznost ne doživljavaju visok nivo distresa nakon raskida i međusobno se ne razlikuju u tome u zavisnosti od toga da li su inicijatori raskida veze bili oni ili njihov partner. Ispitanici koji imaju visoku anksioznost se značajno razlikuju od ispitanika niskih na anksioznosti, jer proživljavaju upadljivo viši nivo emocionalnog distresa nakon raskida, ali ima razlike i u tom nivou u zavisnosti od toga ko je inicijator raskida. Ukoliko je partner inicirao raskid, nivo doživljenog distresa biće značajno viši. Čini se da raskid kao sresor može biti okidač intenzivne emocionalne reakcije kod osoba sa negativnim radnim modelom sebe, s obzirom na to da su takve osobe osetljive na odbacivanje od strane drugih. Ovaj vid iskustva aktivira sistem afektivne vezanosti, što pojačava intenzitet emocionalnog reagovanja. Ovim istraživanjem dobili smo da nam bolje razumevanje razlike u distresu u zavisnosti od afektivne vezanosti pružaju radni model sebe i radni model drugih, tj. kontekst individualnih razlika teorije afektivne vezanosti. Očigledno da su varijable iz domena individualnih razlika značajne za bolje razumevanje ove veze, pa bi, stoga, uključivanje i drugih varijabli iz okvira ličnosti i slike o sebi mogle da donesu značajne uvide.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ZRFFP50-28111
primljen: 08.08.2020.
prihvaćen: 25.09.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 18.11.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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