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2020, vol. 47, iss. 2, pp. 159-168
Influence of different chemical agents and storage conditions on the microbiological content of industrial hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) seeds
aInstitute for Food Technology, Novi Sad, Serbia
bUniversity of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technology, Serbia
cInstitute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia (Institution: Institute for Food Technology, Novi Sad) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200222)
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia (Institution: Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad) (MESTD - 451-03-68/2020-14/200032)

Keywords: Cannabis sativa; disinfection; the total number of microorganisms; Enterobacteriaceae; moulds; yeasts
This study aimed to test different chemical agents to obtain microbiologically safe industrial hemp seeds that could be used for further food processing (with the reduced total number of microorganisms, total number of moulds and yeasts, and total number of Enterobacteriaceae). In order to obtain seeds applicable for food consumption, optimal storage temperature conditions (room temperature, refrigerator, freezer), method of seed packaging (vacuum/without vacuum), and the application of various chemical treatments (ethanol, sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium hypochlorite) were tested on the certified industrial hemp seeds, produced in two consecutive years. Optimal storage conditions differed for different microorganisms, and the most optimal storage was at room temperature, for seeds produced in 2018, in the treatment to reduce the total number of Enterobacteriaceae and the total number of microorganisms. When storing seeds from 2018 in order to reduce the number of yeasts and moulds, a slightly lower number was spotted when seeds were stored in a vacuum-sealed bag, at the refrigerator/freezer temperature. For hemp seeds produced in 2019, the most optimal storage conditions were at the refrigerator (for reduction of the total number of Enterobacteriaceae) and freezer temperature (for reduction of the total number of microorganisms). For the reduction of the total number of moulds and yeasts, optimal conditions were at room temperature. Ethanol (75%, v/v) was the most effective disinfectant among the tested chemicals regardless of the initial number of microorganisms, with log reduction of 3.2 (for the total number of Enterobacteriaceae), 2.9 log (for the total number of microorganisms), and total reduction of the total number of yeasts and moulds after 10 minutes, for the seeds harvested in 2019, which were far more contaminated than the seeds harvested in 2018. Considering the price of the disinfection method with ethanol, sodium hypochlorite may be a better solution for the reduction of the number of microbiota on the seeds.
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article language: English
document type: Original Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ffr47-29058
received: 28/10/2020
revised: 07/12/2020
accepted: 10/12/2020
published online: 15/12/2020
published in SCIndeks: 19/01/2021
peer review method: single-blind
Creative Commons License 4.0

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